Crusader Knights *Magnificent Holy Warriors

Crusader Knights *Templars *Hospitaller *Teutonic

One of the most fascinating eras of the medieval period in Europe was that of the crusades.

The crusades were the military campaigns sanctioned by the roman catholic church in the 11th century and aimed at liberating the holylands and Jerusalem from Muslim control. However, after intermittently continuing for over two centuries, the Crusades finally ended in failure in 1291.

Historic Holylands Model

Historic Holylands Model

Medieval knights and the Crusades were closely linked as various orders of the Knights were formed during these wars.


Crusaders Knights *Religious Warriors

During the Crusades, various religious armies were formed under the instructions of the Pope which were known as orders of the knights.

Knights and the Crusades thus became intertwined for a long time.

These orders mainly consisted of monks who were called ‘knights of the Christ’. ‘

A Medieval Pope

Various orders of these knights formed during this period and became particularly attractive because of the promise of a place in heaven from the Pope.


Creation of the Crusader Knights

Various orders of the knights were created during the Crusades upon the orders of the Pope. Some of the most popular of these orders were Knights Hospitaller, Knights Templar, and the Teutonic Knights.

Medieval knights and the crusades eventually became the two interlinked institutions as the knights took an active part in liberating the holylands from the infidels.

Crusader-Knights-Knights-Hospitaller

Although the above mentioned were the most popular orders of medieval knights, various other orders were also created including *Poor Knights of Christ *Temple of Solomon the knights of the order of the Hospital of St John, etc.

Knights Templar - Knights of the Crusades

Crusader Knights *History

The history of medieval knights in the Crusades begins soon after the initiation of the Crusades. For instance, the Order of the Knights Hospitaller was founded soon after the First Crusade in 1113 and was headed by Blessed Gerard.

The First Crusades Battle

The Order was sanctioned by a Papal Bull of Pope Paschal II. Similarly, the Order of the Knights Templar was formed in 1120 under the patronage of King Baldwin II of Jerusalem and the Patriarch of Jerusalem, Warmund.

The-Crusades-Holylands-jerusalem-Temple-Rock-Dome

Holylands

Subsequently, the knights of these orders actively participated in the Crusades till the end of the crusades. The Knights Templar were fearless crusader knights who would fight to the death and were the most famous of all the crusader knights.

Crusader Helmet

Crusader Knight

Types of Crusader Knights, Templar, Hospitaller, Teutonic Knights

  • Knights Templar
  • Knights Hospitaller
  • Teutonic Knights

Among these, the Order of the Teutonic Knights was formed in the late 12th century while the other two were formed soon after the initiation of the Crusades at the beginning of the 12th century.

Medieval Germany Flag of the Teutonic Order

Flag of the Teutonic Order

During the later Crusades, serious differences arose between the three Orders which also damaged the position of the Christians in the Crusades. These Orders of knights who actively participated in the Crusades gave rise to the concept of holy warriors which was to remain in the imagination of Europe over the subsequent centuries.

Teutonic Knights


Crusader Knights Downfall

The downfall of the famous orders of the medieval knights came soon after the end of the Crusades. During the 14h century, various charges of heresy, sorcery, and sodomy were brought against the knights and the orders were disbanded.

Knights Templar Burned at The Stake

Templars were burned at the stake accused of witchcraft

The real reasons, however, were political and economic in nature as the knights had accumulated considerable wealth during their invasions in the East.

King Philip IV of France was in deep debt to the Knights Templar and decided to use the rumors against the Order for his own purposes which became the starting point of their downfall. On the Orders of King Philip IV, the templar leaders were eventually burned at the stake accused of witchcraft.

King Philip IV

King Philip IV


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