The Christian catholic church was not happy about this situation and they were determined to reclaim the Holy Lands and Jerusalem for the Christian faith as it was considered the place where Jesus lived and died.
Pope II Urban called out to the warriors of Christian medieval Europe to send their troops to reclaim the Holy Lands and the Crusades began!
To protect the Holy Lands for Christian Pilgrims, the 'Order of the Knights Templar' and the 'Knights of Saint John', was formed
Knights Templar considered it an honor to die in battle as they would be assured a place in heaven! Read more about the Amputations, Be-headings and Death >>
To become a member of the Knights Templar you would have had to have been a Knight already Read more about the Becoming a Templar Knight >>
King Philip IV of France held animosity towards the Knights Templar Order and Order it be disbanded Read more about the End of Knights Templar >>
Templar Knights spent most of their time physically and mentally preparing themselves for Battle! Read more about the Fighting a Templar Knight >>
Legend has it, Knights Templar found refuge in Scotland, some believe they infiltrated the Freemasons Read more about the Freemasonry Knights Templar >>
Knights Templar was a 'Militaristic Order' and such there were plenty of strict rules! Read more about the Knights Templar – Latin Rule >>
The knights of the order themselves were sworn to poverty and were frequently given large donations Read more about the Knights Templar | Early Banking >>
Members of the Order were required to strictly adhere to a code of conduct which came to be called the 'Latin Rule Read more about the Knights Templar Code of Conduct >>
Discover the famous costumes of the Knights Templar - Symbolism and meanings Read more about the Knights Templar Costumes 1119 >>
Discover the founders of the Knights Templar and the reasons the Templars were created Read more about the Knights Templar Founders >>
The Order of the Knights Templar was created in 1119, its earliest headquarters at the Temple Mount. Read more about the Knights Templar History >>
The Knights Templar had a very important role in Crusades, often deployed as 'shock troops' at the head of an army Read more about the Knights Templar in the Crusades >>
The first place that the Knights Templar had their headquarters was at the The Dome of the Rock Read more about the Knights Templar Name >>
The Knights Templar order was created in 1119 through the efforts of the French knight Hugues de Payens. Read more about the Knights Templar Origins 1119 >>
Medieval Monks were normally peaceful people who led a monastic life not Fearsome Warriors! Read more about the Monks and the’ Knights Templar’ >>
Discover the order of importance within the Ranks of the Knights Templar organization Read more about the Ranks of the Knight Templar >>
Knights Templar were based at Temple Mount in Jerusalem right over the ruins of Solomons temple! Read more about the Temple of Solomon >>
Knights Templar - Find out who were the Knights Templar were and their role! Read more about the Who were the Knights Templar? >>
Growing a Beard became a trend for 'Templar Knights' During the Period of the Crusades.Read more about the Why Templar Knights Grew Beards >>
They were all relatives of the French nobleman Hugues de Payens who formed the ‘order of the Knights Templar’.
The Knights Templar’s original mission was to protect Christian pilgrims on the perilous journey to the Holy Lands which was now under Muslim Turkish rule.
The Knights Templar were given permission to set up their headquarters in the Temple Mount in the Holy city of Jerusalem by King Baldwin II, this was a very important location within the city and close to important holy site of the Jewish Temple and the temple of Solomon.
The Knights Templar’s headquarters were located in the Aqsa Mosque which was believed stood on the site of King Solomon’s Temple, King Solomon was a legendary ruler from ancient times who it is believed had great wisdom and wealth.
There are a lot of legends concerning the Knights Templar and it is believed that they disappeared for around nine years during the time that they resided at Temple Mount.
Legend has it that the Knights Templar spent this time digging under the Temple of Solomon until they found hidden treasures, and more importantly ancient knowledge that is believed to have given them great hidden ancient knowledge.
When the Knights Templar returned to Europe after their nine years at Temple Mount they quickly became very wealthy and powerful.
Many wealthy noble families of Christian faith throughout Europe and churches are also believed to have been sympathetic to their cause of reclaiming the holy lands and had given them land and money in support of the cause.
legend has it that is was the treasure and knowledge gained from the items they found at the Temple of Solomon that gave them their true wealth and power.
They also discovered the ‘Ark of the covenant’ or the ‘Ark of testimonies’ as it was also known – a chest that is believed to contain the original stones on which the 10 Commandments were engraved.
It is also believed that they may have found part of the cross on which Jesus was crucified.
The Aqsa Mosque was commonly known as the Templum Solomonis from ancient times.
It was from the knights Templar association with this Temple that the Knights Templar eventually took their name which was a shortened down version of Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici and meant “the poor fellow soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon”!
For these reasons they became widely known as the Knights Templar.
The Knights Templar was a militaristic order of religious knights whose job it was to serve and protect people of the Christian faith during their pilgrims to the Holy Land.
The Knights Templar had very strict codes of conduct that they had to obey such as vows made regarding chastity and poverty.
The order of the Knights Templar was founded in the year 1118 in Jerusalem to protect Christian pilgrims visiting the Holy Lands.
The Knights Templar were highly trained and fearsome warriors who had no fear in battle, they only feared God and were prepared to fight to the death in battle.
It was the Knights Templar who were the most feared of all, they were simply mentally and physically supremely prepared for battle and were only trained to fight.
The Knights Templar wore very distinctive clothing with white surcoats emblazoned with a red cross.
The Knights Templar horses were also donned in the white and red of the Knights Templar, the Templar shield would be white with a Red Cross.
The Knights Templar must have looked a very scary bunch on the battlefield. The distinct dress code of the Knights Templar only added to intrigue which surrounds them.
The knights Hospitaller were another religious order, similar to the Knights Templar, however the Knights Hospitaller as their name suggests looked after sick and wounded as well as fighting for their faith during the crusades.
The Knights Hospitaller were also known as the Knights of St John and would also fight for the Christian faith without hesitation.
The Knights Hospitaller wore black full length tunics over their chainmail with a white cross.
The Teutonic knights wore full length white tunics with a black cross over their chainmail.
Even though the Knights Templar took vows of chastity and poverty, the religious order of the Knights Templar became incredibly wealthy during their conquests and travels.
It is believed that the Knights Templar also gained hidden knowledge and took treasures from the temple of Solomon.
The knights Templar were believed to have dug underneath the Temple of Solomon during their time at temple mount and discovered hidden treasures and ancient knowledge.
In the future the Knights Templar were able to use their incredible wealth to build magnificent castles and buildings throughout Europe.
They were also able to train and recruit more Knights to fight for the Templar cause and this also helped them further increase their power and wealth.
The knights Templar became a highly influential group of people along with the church.
The other religious orders Knights Hospitaller and the Teutonic Knights also became very wealthy and the Hospitaller Knights were able to build the magnificent stronghold of Krac des Chevaliers in Syria with their incredible wealth.
Templar knights were initially very successful in their battles against the Muslims in the Crusades and they managed to take back Jerusalem briefly after the first crusade.
However the Templar knights suffered many setbacks mainly due to the legendary Muslim leader Saladin who eventually helped to drive out the Christians from the Holy Lands in 1291.
Templar knights made some bad decisions towards the end of the Crusades, especially their attack on the Byzantine Empire which weakened their armies and demoralized their troops.
The Muslim joined forces instead of infighting and their combined armies continued to push back the Knights Templar and were able to take the important city of Acre in 1291 which brought to an end the Crusades and eventually led to the downfall of the Templar knights religious order altogether.
After the Templar knights were defeated in 1291 they began to lose support from wealthy people throughout Europe who had previously backed them.
There were also many wealthy people throughout Europe who had given money to the Templar knights and were indebted to them including the French King Philip IV.
The French King obviously decided that he did not want to pay back the money he owed to the Templar knights and he accused them of following pagan beliefs and witchcraft and ordered their arrests!
This led to many members of the Knights Templar being burned at the stake and in 1312 the order of the Templar knights was disbanded completely.
It is believed that Templar knights went into hiding after 1312 and infiltrated secret societies such as the Masons, there is a lot of evidence to support this theory however this is not mainstream thinking.
It is also known that the Hospitaller Knights moved to Rhodes initially and then Malta in the Mediterranean where they continued to fight Muslims.
The Teutonic Knights who had German origins retreated back to Eastern Europe and were involved in further Crusades against the pagan religions.