The First Crusade – Amazing 1st Crusade

Learn about the First Crusades of 1096 -1099 and the Epic Battle for the Holy lands between Christian and Islamic Warriors!

First Crusades Maps, Timelines, People and Important events of the First Crusade - Discover how Fatimid Muslims were defeated in the main battle for Jerusalem.

First Crusade Maps

See 3 maps of that show the journey taken by the crusader armies during the First crusade! Read more about the First Crusade Maps >>

Who Took Part in the First Crusade?

The Nobility of Europe were in charge of the First Crusades, not Kings Read more about the Who Took Part in the First Crusade? >>

Learn about the history and timeline of the First Crusades from 1096

There were many Crusades to re-capture the Holylands over many centuries and the First Crusade would be one of the most successful of them all.


First Crusade Map *Leaders and Route to Jerusalem

The First Crusade would be led by important Nobles from across Europe and not by Kings as was the case in many of the later crusades of the medieval period.


The 1st Crusade 1096

The 1st crusade to the Holy Land was led by Bishop Adhemar also known as Adémar or Aimar under the instruction of Pope Urban II.


Adhemar was one of the most important figures of the first crusades and was heavily involved in important crusader victories such as the Siege of Antioch and the Battle of Dorylaeum.


There were five main bodies of troops for the first crusade and each army was led by a nobleman. There were many wealthy noblemen across Europe that were sympathetic to the Christian cause of reclaiming the Holylands from Muslim rule.


It was therefore easy to recruit armies to fight for the Christian cause during the first crusade.

First Crusade Army

Many people wanted to be soldiers in the first crusade and there were many volunteers. The Pope had told criminals and ex-communicated people that they would be given a pardon if they came back alive from fighting the Muslim armies in the first crusade.

There were criminals. knights and former barbarian soldiers among others within the first crusade armies.

First Crusades Battle

First Crusade *Main Battle

The armies of the 1st crusade were truly heroic and fought against almost impossible odds. Just 30,000 crusaders troops were commanded by a warrior named Bohemond, under his direction these first crusade armies were able to keep at bay a much larger army of Muslim Turks.


The Crusader armies were very disciplined and organized and fought as one, however, the Turkish armies were disorganized and undisciplined and there was much infighting within the Muslim armies’ ranks.

First crusade *Holy lance

During the first crusade, the Crusader armies were under immense pressure from the sheer numbers of Muslim Turk soldiers, and at one point they were struggling to hold them back.


Legend has it that in a particularly bad point of the battle for the crusader armies the holy lance that pierced the body of Jesus when he was crucified was found

this was considered to be a miracle among the Christian troops and this renewed and strengthen their resolve to win the battle.

First Crusade *Infighting

There was a lot of rivalry and infighting among the Muslim armies who throughout history have never trusted one another.

Before the Christian crusaders could even reach the walls of Jerusalem, the Muslim Turks who were in control of Jerusalem at that time had been defeated in battle by Fatimid Muslims

First Crusade *Fatimid Muslims

The 1st crusade had been started to reclaim the Holy lands from Muslim Turks, it had not been decided to fight all Muslims many of whom had very different views on the world.


Portrait of the great Muslim leader Saladin

In fact, the Fatimid Muslims were quite tolerant of Christian people are more willing to share the Holy city with the crusaders and give them safe passage to Jerusalem and Mount Zion Fatimid Muslims.


The battle hardened crusaders however were in no mood for negotiation and decided that they would capture the Holy lands of Jerusalem for the Christian faith against all Muslims, this would escalate the first crusades into a Holy war against all Muslims and the Islamic religion.

First Crusade | Taking of Jerusalem

In 1099 the Christian crusaders were finally at the walls of Jerusalem and were in no mood to take any prisoners . The crusaders used battering Rams and Siege towers to break through and scale the walls of Jerusalem.


Once inside the walls the crusaders went on a rampage slaughtering everyone in their path, it is described as being a bloodbath with bodies knee deep and blood everywhere.


At the end of the battle over 70,000 Muslims and Jews had been killed and Jerusalem was now officially a Christian city.


Saladin Meets Richard Lionheart


The first Crusade Facts

Learn More about the First Crusades at Wikipedia

The First Crusade: A Brief History with Documents (Bedford Series in History and Culture) 1st Edition Edition

First Crusade Fast Facts

  • Five armies that numbered 30,000 troops gathered for the 1st crusade
  • Criminals were allowed to join the 1st crusade armies in return for their freedom
  • 30,000 Crusader soldiers fought against and defeated 360,000 Muslim soldiers in the 1st crusade
  • The Christian army in the 1st crusade was led by Bohemond


  • There was a lot of infighting within the Muslim armies’ ranks during the 1st crusades
  • It is believed the holy lance which pierced Jesus’ body was found in battle during the 1st crusades
  • The first crusades’ original purpose was to reclaim the Holy lands from Muslim Turks
  • The first crusade eventually escalated into a Holy war against all Muslims and the Islamic religion


  • In 1099 Christian crusaders used battering Rams and siege towers to penetrate the walls of Jerusalem
  • In 1099 Christian crusaders recaptured Jerusalem after a bloody battle