The Top 10 Events of the Hundred Years’ War: A Decade-by-Decade Account

The Hundred Years’ War, a conflict that spanned over a century, reshaped the landscape of medieval Europe.

Battle of Crecy 100 year war

 “The Hundred Years’ War was a defining period of conflict between England and France, marked by shifting alliances, epic battles, and the emergence of military innovations that would shape European warfare.”

Jonathan Sumption, a distinguished historian, and author. Sumption is renowned for his extensive research and expertise including the Hundred Years’ War.

Fought between the kingdoms of England and France, this protracted struggle witnessed a series of significant events that altered the course of history.

Battle of Castillon
The Battle of Castillon was an important battle in the 100 years war between England and France

Join us as we explore the top 10 events of the Hundred Years’ War, decade by decade, and unravel the complex tapestry of this enduring conflict.

The 14th Century (1337-1399)

The Battle of Crécy (1346)

A decisive English victory that showcased the power of the English longbow and marked a turning point in the early stages of the war.

The Siege of Calais (1346-1347)

The prolonged siege of Calais, culminating in the city’s surrender to the English, solidifying their presence in northern France.

The Treaty of Brétigny (1360)

A significant peace treaty that temporarily ended hostilities, granting England extensive territorial concessions and a substantial ransom for the captive French king.

Battle of Crecy longbowmen
Battle of Crecy – Longbowmen defeat the Best French Knights

“The Hundred Years’ War was a protracted struggle for territorial dominance and political control, leaving a lasting impact on both England and France, reshaping the balance of power in Europe.”

Desmond Seward, a respected historian and author who has extensively studied medieval history.

The 15th Century (1400-1499)

The Battle of Agincourt (1415)

A resounding English victory, immortalized by Shakespeare, in which the outnumbered English army, under King Henry V, overcame the French forces, highlighting the effectiveness of English longbowmen.

The Siege of Orléans (1428-1429)

A pivotal moment in the war, where the French forces, led by Joan of Arc, successfully lifted the siege on Orléans, boosting French morale and turning the tide in favor of the French.

The Coronation of Henry VI of England as King of France (1431)

A symbolic event where Henry VI was crowned King of France in Paris, emphasizing English claims to the French throne.

The Capture of Bordeaux (1451)

The English loss of Bordeaux, a crucial stronghold in Gascony, marked the decline of English control in France and further weakened their position.

The Battle of Castillon (1453)

The final major battle of the Hundred Years’ War, resulting in a decisive French victory and the expulsion of the English from mainland France, effectively ending the war.

The Treaty of Picquigny (1475)

A treaty that established a temporary peace between England and France, marking a significant shift towards diplomatic negotiations rather than open conflict.

The Treaty of Etaples (1492)

A peace treaty that ended the intermittent conflicts of the later part of the war, reaffirming French sovereignty and effectively concluding the Hundred Years’ War.

Morning of the Battle of Agincourt 25th October 1415


The Hundred Years’ War was a transformative period in European history, characterized by a series of monumental events that shaped the balance of power between England and France.

From epic battles to diplomatic negotiations, these top 10 events provide a glimpse into the complexity and significance of this long-lasting conflict.

The legacy of the Hundred Years’ War continues to reverberate, leaving an indelible mark on the historical and cultural landscape of Europe.

10 Events of the Hundred Years’ War | Great Books

“The Hundred Years’ War: A People’s History” by David Green
– David Green provides a fresh perspective on the Hundred Years’ War, focusing on the experiences of ordinary people during this tumultuous period. Through detailed research and captivating storytelling, he brings to life the social, economic, and cultural impact of the war on both England and France.

“The Hundred Years’ War: The English in France 1337-1453” by Desmond Seward
– Desmond Seward offers a comprehensive account of the Hundred Years’ War, specifically highlighting the English presence in France during the conflict. Drawing from primary sources and historical records, Seward provides insights into the military strategies, key battles, and the complex political dynamics that shaped the war.

“Agincourt: Henry V, Sir Thomas Erpingham, and the Triumph of the English Archers” by Juliet Barker
– Juliet Barker delves into the iconic Battle of Agincourt, a pivotal event in the Hundred Years’ War. Through meticulous research and analysis, Barker explores the factors that led to the English victory, examining the leadership of Henry V, the role of Sir Thomas Erpingham, and the extraordinary achievements of the English longbowmen.

“Joan of Arc: A Military Leader” by Kelly DeVries
– Kelly DeVries focuses on the legendary figure of Joan of Arc, examining her role as a military leader during the Hundred Years’ War. DeVries explores Joan’s strategic decisions, her impact on the French army, and the significance of her military campaigns in the context of the wider conflict.

“The Hundred Years War: The English in France” by Desmond Seward
– In this comprehensive study, Desmond Seward provides a detailed overview of the entire Hundred Years’ War, encompassing the political, military, and social aspects of the conflict. Seward analyzes key events, influential figures, and the broader implications of the war, shedding light on its lasting consequences for both England and France.

Battle of Poitiers

Hundred Years’ War Experiences

Crecy-en-Ponthieu, France
This town is known for its association with the Battle of Crécy, one of the significant conflicts of the Hundred Years’ War. Visitors can explore the battlefield site and visit the Crécy Museum, which provides insights into the battle and its historical context.

Agincourt, France
Agincourt is renowned for the Battle of Agincourt, a major English victory during the war. Travelers can visit the Agincourt Museum and explore the Agincourt Battlefield, which offers guided tours and exhibits related to the battle.

Orleans, France
Orleans was a key location during the Hundred Years’ War, notably linked to the involvement of Joan of Arc. Visitors can explore sites associated with Joan, such as the Place du Martroi and the Joan of Arc Museum, which provide historical context and insights into her role in the war.

Chateau de Castillon, France
This castle in the Dordogne region was a stronghold during the Hundred Years’ War. It played a crucial role in the Battle of Castillon, the final major conflict of the war. The castle offers guided tours, showcasing its military architecture and historical significance.

Calais, France
Calais was a strategic port city that frequently changed hands during the war. Visitors can explore the historic city walls, visit the Tour du Guet (Watchtower), and learn about Calais’ role as a military stronghold during the conflict.

Dover Castle, England
Although primarily associated with other periods of history, Dover Castle played a role during the Hundred Years’ War as a defensive stronghold. Visitors can tour the castle’s medieval sections, including the Great Tower and underground tunnels, gaining insights into the strategic importance of the site during the war.

Chateau de Chinon, France
Located in the Loire Valley, the Chateau de Chinon has ties to the Hundred Years’ War, serving as a residence for French kings and hosting significant political events. Exploring the castle and its exhibitions offers a glimpse into the historical context of the war.

Rouen, France: Rouen
was a city heavily influenced by the war and witnessed important events, including the trial and execution of Joan of Arc. Visitors can visit the Rouen Cathedral, where Joan was put on trial, as well as the Joan of Arc Historial and other related sites.

Chateau Gaillard, France
Situated in Les Andelys, Chateau Gaillard was a formidable fortress constructed by Richard the Lionheart. It played a role in various conflicts during the war and offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. Guided tours provide insights into the castle’s military history.

Bordeaux, France
Bordeaux was a key city during the later stages of the Hundred Years’ War, particularly under English control. Visitors can explore the historic center, including landmarks like the Grosse Cloche and the Porte Cailhau, which bear witness to the city’s medieval past.