“The Hundred Years’ War was a defining period of conflict between England and France, marked by shifting alliances, epic battles, and the emergence of military innovations that would shape European warfare.”Jonathan Sumption, a distinguished historian, and author. Sumption is renowned for his extensive research and expertise including the Hundred Years’ War.
A decisive English victory that showcased the power of the English longbow and marked a turning point in the early stages of the war.
The prolonged siege of Calais, culminating in the city’s surrender to the English, solidifying their presence in northern France.
A significant peace treaty that temporarily ended hostilities, granting England extensive territorial concessions and a substantial ransom for the captive French king.
“The Hundred Years’ War was a protracted struggle for territorial dominance and political control, leaving a lasting impact on both England and France, reshaping the balance of power in Europe.”Desmond Seward, a respected historian and author who has extensively studied medieval history.
A resounding English victory, immortalized by Shakespeare, in which the outnumbered English army, under King Henry V, overcame the French forces, highlighting the effectiveness of English longbowmen.
A pivotal moment in the war, where the French forces, led by Joan of Arc, successfully lifted the siege on Orléans, boosting French morale and turning the tide in favor of the French.
A symbolic event where Henry VI was crowned King of France in Paris, emphasizing English claims to the French throne.
The English loss of Bordeaux, a crucial stronghold in Gascony, marked the decline of English control in France and further weakened their position.
The final major battle of the Hundred Years’ War, resulting in a decisive French victory and the expulsion of the English from mainland France, effectively ending the war.
A treaty that established a temporary peace between England and France, marking a significant shift towards diplomatic negotiations rather than open conflict.
A peace treaty that ended the intermittent conflicts of the later part of the war, reaffirming French sovereignty and effectively concluding the Hundred Years’ War.
The Hundred Years’ War was a transformative period in European history, characterized by a series of monumental events that shaped the balance of power between England and France.
From epic battles to diplomatic negotiations, these top 10 events provide a glimpse into the complexity and significance of this long-lasting conflict.
The legacy of the Hundred Years’ War continues to reverberate, leaving an indelible mark on the historical and cultural landscape of Europe.