Camelot | King Arthur *Knights of the Round Table

What is The Legend of Camelot?

Camelot is a legendary castle that is associated with famous King Arthur. The castle was first mentioned in the 12th century French romance literature.

castle gbe9894d1b 640

It was described as the capital of Arthur’s realm and a symbol of the Arthurian world.

Camelot King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table

Camelot King *King Arthur Legends

According to these stories, Camelot is located in Great Britain but its exact location is unknown. It was seen by many as a fictional location. Arthur’s court in Camelot was mentioned for the first time in the poem titled ‘Lancelot, and the knight of the Cart’ in the 1170s.


Camelot became an important place while interpreting the legends of King Arthur. In the historical literature where it is mentioned, Camelot is described as surrounded by forests and meadows. It had the strongest defenses which is why it survived invasions of Saxons as per the legends.

Camelot *Who was King Arthur?

According to medieval histories, King Arthur was the legendary British leader who defended Britain against Saxon invasions in the late 5th and early 6th centuries. There are various stories, themes, and characters made about the legend of Arthur.

King Arthur

King Arthur was best described by the Geoffrey of Monmouth who was a British cleric. He wrote his chronicle ‘The History of the kings of Britain’s which was translated into different languages. Geoffrey showed King Arthur as the king of Britain who established a vast empire and defeated the Anglo-Saxons.


Also, there are various incidents and events that are mentioned in Geoffrey’s Historia including Arthur’s father Uther Pendragon, the magician Merlin, his wife Guinevere, Arthur’s final battle against Mordred at Camlann, his sword Excalibur and his final resting place in Avalon.


The historicity of *Camelot & King Arthur

There are many stories and schools of thought associated with the historicity of King Arthur. Historia Brittonum (The History of Britains) is a historical work that mentioned King Arthur and mentioned him as dux bellorum (war leader) rather than a King.

Historia Brittonum (The History of Britains)

It mentioned various battles that Arthur fought. The twelfth battle was fought on Mount Badon in which 960 men fell from one charge by Arthur but he struck them himself.


In these historical illustrations, Arthur always emerged as a victor. Arthur was also mentioned in Annales Cambriae chronicles in which Arthur is mentioned as carrying ‘the cross of our lord Jesus Christ on his shoulders for three days and three nights’ in the Battle of Badon.


Battle of Badon

In Historia Brittonum, a similar story was depicted in which Arthur carried the image of the Holy Mary Virgin on his shoulders in the fortress of Guinnion. Another school of thought argues that Arthur had no historical existence at all.

Also, Arthur is not mentioned in any Anglo-Saxon chronicle in any manuscript written from 400 to 821. 

King Arthur Excalibur

The Legend of Camelot & King Arthur

There is very little information available about King Author but different studies agreed that he was a mythological figure and a legendary British King who defeated the Saxons.

The 12th-century French writer, Chretien de Troyes also added Lancelot and Holy Grail in the legends of King Arthur along with his family. He mentioned Lancelot as the greatest companion and swordsman of Arthur.

List of the Knights of the Round Table

The Knights of the Round Table *Knightly Order Established by the Legendary King Arthur.

He was also one of the Knights of the Round Table in Arthurian legend. Holy Grail is a treasure that holds the utmost importance in Arthurian literature. The medieval tale of King Arthur was full of Christian themes and a quest for Christian relics.


The Round Table

The Round Table is the famous table of King Arthur in the Arthurian legend. Around this table, he and his knights congregate. As the name suggests, everyone who sat there had equal status. It was first described by Wace in 1155 followed by previous stories and depictions of Arthur.


King Arthur and the Knights of the round table

Its symbolism increased over time and by the end of the 12th century, it started representing the chivalric order associated with Arthur’s court, the Knights of the Round Table.

Although the Round Table is not mentioned in the earliest accounts, subsequent Arthurian tales make mention of how he gathered the most distinguished of men to be his knights at the Round Table.

List of the Knights of the Round Table

King Arthur *Death

The affair of Lancelot with Queen Guinevere caused a civil war by Mordred and the Arthurian kingdom began to fall apart. Lancelot killed two knights of King Arthur who had defended the queen.


Lancelot *The White Knight

King Arthur set his forces on France to attack him. While Arthur was away, he heard that his nephew, Mordred, whom he had left in charge of Britain, had seized the throne and married his wife Guinevere.

Lancelot and Guinivere

Lancelot and Guinivere had an extramarital affair which was discovered and brought to King Arthur’s notice. King Arthur gave the order for the queen to be burned at the stake.

Arthur returned to Britain and declared war against him. In this war, Arthur killed Mordred but was wounded. He gave his crown to his kinsman Constantine and was taken to Avalon to be healed, never to be seen again.

End of Camelot and Round Table

The significance of both the Round Table and Camelot ended after the death of King Arthur. After the death of King Arthur, King Mark invaded Logres and destroyed Camelot and the legendary Round Table.


Importance of the Arthurian Legend

King Arthur was a mythological figure who was the head of Camelot and the Knights of the Round Table. Arthurian legend became more popular in the middle ages and experienced a major revival in the 19th century.

Camelot King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table

By the 21st century, the legend lives on, not only in stories and fiction but in theaters, movies, and other media. In 1930, the fellowship of the round table was formed to promote Christian ideals and Arthur’s chivalry.

Facts about Chivalry

There are various Arthurian youth groups in the United States where young girls and boys promote Arthur and his legends. Modern culture goes beyond Arthur’s endeavors and attached his name to objects, buildings, and places.


Camelot became a permanent fixture in Arthur’s legend. The symbolism of Camelot was written by a British poet, Alfred Tennyson. He wrote up prose on the castle as one of his earliest writings to give tribute to the castle.


  • Camelot was a Legendary Castle where the Mythological King Arthur held his Court.
  • King Arthur was a Legendary British King who defeated the Saxons and secured the independence of the Celtic Britons for a period.
  • King Arthur had a Famous Round Table around which he seated his knights. These came to be known as the Knights of the Round Table.
  • According to legend, Arthur was wounded in a final battle with his nephew. After this, his kingdom fell apart, Camelot lost its importance and the Round Table was destroyed.

We hope you enjoyed this article on Camelot and King Arthur, if you would like to learn more about the Arthurian Legends please see the links at bottom of this article.