A medieval princess was a member of the royal family who was usually the descendant of the king and queen. Contrary to popular beliefs, the life of a medieval princess was not entirely detached from politics and the affairs of the state.
Instead, more often than not, a medieval princess was embroiled in politics, public opinion, and social pressures of the time.
Even though medieval times were mainly dominated by men, several medieval princesses and queens rose to prominence and went on to play important roles in public life.
A medieval princess was educated in various affairs that were to serve her well in later life. This included the management of the household and socially acceptable ways of dispensing charity.
Sometimes the education of a princess also included instruction in public affairs, politics, and history. The education of a medieval princess was carried out at home under the supervision of the queen, even though for actual education a tutor could be hired.
One of the most important roles of a medieval princess was the dispensation of charity which was considered her participation in social life.
For this, various social events could be held or charity could simply be given to the poor on a regular basis. If she also participated in the affairs of the state, her duties also included going to the council whenever it was held.
The turbulent politics of medieval times would sometimes come at a price and a princess could be wedded off to a prince or king of a rival country as part of a peace treaty.
The daily life and routine of a medieval princess has been well described in a book called “Treasure of the City of Ladies” written by Christine de Pisan in 1399.
According to the book, the day of a medieval princess started with morning mass; at the chapel, she would often give charity to the poor. During the daytime, she would often busy herself with the affairs of the government with the help of her counselors.
During her free time, a medieval princess could indulge in activities such as needlework or book reading.
The clothing of a medieval princess, just like medieval clothing in general, was influenced by the classical styles prevalent in Romans and Greek times.
During the early medieval ages, a long tunic was used that reached the heels and was fastened at the waist. The neck and sometimes the head would also be covered.
During the high medieval period, a long cloak could be used with the clothing along with closed shoes.
During the late medieval times, the use of silver and various precious stones became increasingly common for the medieval clothing of royalty.
During medieval times, the life of a medieval princess was not detached from the turbulent political affairs of the time. Instead, more often than not, the princess actively participated in the politics and the affairs of the state.
Sometimes a princess would be wedded to the royal family of another country as part of a mutual treaty. Among other things, charity was one of the most important activities for a medieval princess.