King Richard the Lionheart was the King of England from 1189 till his death in 1199 He succeeded the throne after the death of his father, Henry II.
Before that, he had ruled as the Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Anjou, and had other titles. During the Third Crusade, he also served as the central Christian commander.
Contrary to popular perception, the title of “lionheart” was given to Richard I much before his accomplishments during the Third Crusade. He was given the title during the successful siege and capture of Castillon-sur-Agen which was the castle of nobles who had rebelled against Henry II.
Subsequently, he received various other victories which made the title a permanent part of his name.
Richard the Lionheart was born on 8 September 1157 and assumed the command of his army at the young age of 16. He excelled in various military commands under his father, Henry II, and later on against him.
He also led the Third Crusade as the commander and earned fame with his feats against his Muslim counterpart, Saladin. Richard the Lionheart died on 6 April 1199 at the age of 41.
He arrived in the Holy Land on 8 June 1191 and led some successful expeditions, although he failed to recapture Jerusalem from Saladin.
Richard the Lionheart engaged Saladin in various battles during the Third Crusade and they both came to respect each other as great military leaders. However, they never met each other in person.
Upon learning that Richard’s horse had been killed on the battlefield, Saladin sent him a new horse as a gift. On one occasion, he also sent fresh water and fruit to Richard when the latter was suffering from fever.
Richard the Lionheart also had a fear that his sons might turn against him and so didn’t allow them to have swords.
The death of Richard the Lionheart occurred under very peculiar circumstances. It was caused by an infection that resulted from an arrow wound.
He sustained this injury during the siege on an unimportant French castle when he was walking around without wearing any protective chain mail and died 10 days later. Thus came the unremarkable end of his extraordinary life.
Richard I, also known as Richard the Lionheart, was the King of England during the 12th century. He became the king after the death of his father, Henry II, and took part in various expeditions, the most important of them being the Third Crusade. He died from an arrow wound during the siege on a French castle.
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Richard the Lionheart left his mark on medieval history, if you’d like to learn more about medieval Kings such as Richard the Lionheart please follow the links at the bottom of this page or click on images of Kings contained within this medieval history website.
Richard the Lionheart: The Crusader King of England Hardcover – July 1, 2018
Richard the Lionheart: A Life From Beginning to End Paperback – September 20, 2017