How did a Moat Protect a Castle in the Middle Ages?

Both wet and dry moats were successful in the defense of a Medieval Castle!

Sully Castle Moat and Tower

The medieval castle moat served as a formidable form of defense against an attack from the outside. The moat made it impossible for an enemy to scale the walls or to directly assault them. Rather, the attackers either had to wade through the water-filled moat or make their way at a very slow pace through a dry moat, filled with obstacles.

Castle Siege

In both cases, the defenders of the castle walls had ample opportunity to launch their attacks on the enemy approaching at a slow pace, forcing the enemy to suffer significant losses. Even if the enemy managed to reach castle walls despite a moat, it took significant time and resources.

Medieval Castle Moat Attack

This gave the defenders an opportunity to devise an effective strategy to defend the Castle!

Example of a Dry Moat at Dourdan Castle Moats