Seventh Crusade 1248 – Failure of the 7th Crusade *King Louis IX

Learn about all the Important Events and History of the Seventh Crusades in 1248

The Seventh Crusade (1248–1254) was instigated by Pope Innocent IV and was led by the King of France Louis IX as a reaction to the Loss of the Holy City of Jerusalem in the year 1244.

“The Seventh Crusade is a poignant reminder that even a charismatic, resourceful and determined king could not impose his will on the most volatile region of the medieval world. It was a war that ended in ignominy and disaster, a poignant testament to the vulnerability of the crusading enterprise.”

Jonathan Phillips, “The Seventh Crusade, 1244-1254: Sources and Documents”

This was one of two Crusades and was also known as the ‘Crusade of Louis IX’

Crusade of Louis IX

The crusade started off well and was directed at the main source of Muslim power which was concentrated in Egypt, instead of attacking the Holy City directly. The Seventh crusade ended in a defeat, with King Louis being captured with most of his forces.

King Louis XI France Leader Seventh Crusades

Seventh Crusade 1248 to 1254 Important Events

Battle of Al Mansurah

This battle was fought in 1250 between Crusader forces under Louis IX and Ayyubid forces. The battle was a decisive victory for the Ayyubids and significantly affected Crusader morale.


“Although the Seventh Crusade ended in failure, it revealed the persistence of the idea of crusade in the West, the desire to gain Jerusalem, and the will to sacrifice in pursuit of these objectives. The achievements of the 1250s suggest that this defeat, while severe, was not fatal to the future of crusading.”

Jean Richard, “The Crusades, C.1071-C.1291

Battle of Fariksur

The battle of Fariksur was one of the final significant battles of the Seventh Crusade. It was fought between Egyptian Muslim forces and a Crusader army under Louis IX. Crusaders suffered a decisive defeat and Louis IX was taken captive.

Seventh Crusade Important People List

  • Louis IX
  • As-Salih
  • Aybak
  • Baybars

Victor – Who won the Seventh Crusade?

The Muslim forces achieved a decisive victory in the Seventh Crusade. Louis IX met failure, was captured, and had to be ransomed for a great sum.

Seventh Crusade Significance

The Seventh Crusade marked a general disinterest among European monarchs in a religious crusade. Louis IX was the only monarch who expressed such zeal at the time. For his efforts, he gained considerable fame and influence across Europe.

Seventh Crusade | Great Books

“The Last Crusaders: East, West, and the Battle for the Center of the World” by Barnaby Rogerson
This book delves into the Seventh Crusade and its key figures, including Louis IX of France. It explores the complex interactions between the Western and Eastern powers and how they shaped the outcome of the crusade.

“Louis IX and the Challenge of the Crusade: A Study in Rulership” by William Chester Jordan:
Focusing on King Louis IX and his role in the Seventh Crusade, this book examines how he navigated the challenges of leadership and the complexities of crusading in a changing political landscape.

“The Crusade of Frederick II: A New History” by David Abulafia
While not solely focused on the Seventh Crusade, this book covers the unique crusade led by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II during the same period. It offers insights into the political and religious dynamics of the time.

“The Seventh Crusade 1244-1254: Sources and Documents” edited by Peter Jackson
This collection of primary sources and documents provides a firsthand look at the events and perspectives surrounding the Seventh Crusade. It offers valuable insights into the motivations and experiences of those involved.

“The Seventh Crusade, 1244-1254: The Crusade of St Louis” by Peter Jackson
This comprehensive study focuses specifically on the Seventh Crusade led by Louis IX of France. It examines the political, military, and cultural aspects of the crusade, shedding light on its significance and outcomes.

These books offer various perspectives on the Seventh Crusade, from its historical context and key figures to its impact on the medieval world and the broader concept of crusading.