What Did People Gift Each Other for Christmas in Medieval Times?

Christmas in the Middle Ages was a religious and social event that was celebrated differently from region to region.

Gift-giving was not as prominent as it is today, but people did exchange presents on occasion. Here are some of the gifts that people exchanged during the Middle Ages:

“Gift-giving was an important part of Christmas in medieval England, as it was believed to reinforce social bonds and display one’s generosity and wealth.”

Ronald Hutton, Professor of History at the University of Bristol

Medieval Christmas Gifts

Food and Drink
In the Middle Ages, food and drink were the most common gifts that people gave to each other during Christmas. These could range from simple fruits and nuts to expensive wine or ale. Some of the more luxurious food gifts included sugar-coated almonds, preserved fruits, and marzipan.

Clothing and Textiles
Clothing was a popular gift during the Middle Ages. People would give clothes such as socks, hats, gloves, and scarves. For the wealthy, silks, furs, and jewelry were popular gifts.

Religious Objects
Religious objects such as crosses, rosaries, and books were often given as Christmas gifts. These were especially popular among the clergy and the nobility.

People also exchanged gifts of entertainment during Christmas. These could include board games, musical instruments, or even live performances.

Practical Items
People also gave practical items as gifts during Christmas, such as tools, household items, and farming equipment.

In conclusion, while gift-giving was not as important during the Middle Ages as it is today, people did exchange presents during Christmas. These gifts were typically practical or food-related, and reflected the religious and social values of the time.

“Medieval gift-giving was often used as a way of negotiating power relationships and establishing alliances between individuals and families.”

Elizabeth Williams, Professor of History at Oklahoma State University
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Great Reads about Medieval Christmas & Christmas Markets

“The Medieval Christmas” by Jean Gimpel
“Medieval Celebrations: Your Guide to Planning and Hosting Spectacular Feasts, Parties, Weddings, and Renaissance Fairs” by Daniel Diehl

“The Medieval Household: Daily Living c.1150-c.1450” by Geoff Egan and Frances Pritchard

“The English Year” by Steve Roud
“The Book of Christmas: Everything We Once Knew and Loved About Christmastime” by Jane Struthers


Here are some places where you can experience a medieval Christmas!

Warwick Castle, England: During the Christmas season, Warwick Castle hosts a “Festive Mediaeval Banquet” in the Great Hall, featuring live music, entertainment, and a four-course meal inspired by medieval cuisine.

Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Germany
This charming medieval town hosts a famous Christmas market, where you can find traditional crafts and gifts, as well as enjoy holiday treats and mulled wine.

Kilkenny Castle, Ireland: Kilkenny Castle hosts a “Medieval Yuletide” event, where visitors can experience a medieval Christmas with costumed performers, music, and food.

Carcassonne, France: This well-preserved medieval fortress city hosts a Christmas market in the shadow of its impressive walls, with crafts, food, and live music.

Tallinn, Estonia: The medieval Old Town of Tallinn hosts a Christmas market featuring traditional handicrafts, food, and drinks, as well as festive concerts and events.


In conclusion, delving into the world of medieval Christmas offers a captivating glimpse into a bygone era filled with enchantment and tradition. The unique gifts exchanged during this festive season reflected the craftsmanship, sentiment, and heartfelt connections of the time. From intricately handcrafted wonders to meaningful tokens, these presents held a special place in the hearts of both givers and recipients.

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The cherished traditions surrounding medieval Christmas brought joy and warmth to communities, fostering a sense of togetherness and celebration.

It was a time when families and friends gathered to share in the festivities, feasting on sumptuous delights and reveling in the merriment that filled the air.

The exchange of gifts served as a tangible expression of love, appreciation, and goodwill, strengthening bonds and creating lasting memories.

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While the specific gifts may have varied depending on social status, resources, and regional customs, the spirit of generosity and the desire to bring joy to others remained at the core of medieval Christmas traditions.

The exchange of presents became a meaningful ritual, celebrating the joy of giving and receiving, and symbolizing the hope and blessings associated with the season.

As we reflect on medieval Christmas, we are reminded of the enduring power of tradition and the timeless joy that comes from sharing gifts and spreading warmth during this magical time of year.

The spirit of medieval Christmas continues to inspire us to embrace the beauty of meaningful gestures and to celebrate the spirit of togetherness, love, and goodwill, not only during the holiday season but throughout the year.