Medieval Knights and Animal Companions: Horses, Dogs, and Falcons in Chivalric Culture

In medieval chivalric culture, knights were often portrayed as brave and noble warriors, riding into battle on their trusty horses and accompanied by loyal dogs and fierce falcons!


These animal companions played a significant role in the lives of knights, serving as faithful companions, skilled hunters, and even symbols of status and prestige.

Knights & Horses

Horses were perhaps the most important animal companion of medieval knights. These powerful animals were prized for their speed, strength, and agility, and were essential for knights in battle, allowing them to charge into enemy lines and strike with devastating force.

“The horse was not just a means of transportation for the knight, but a symbol of his status, wealth, and power, and a companion in battle and peace.” – Historian Richard Barber

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The relationship between a knight and his horse was one of deep trust and mutual respect. Knights often spent years training and caring for their horses, grooming them, feeding them, and training them to respond to their commands.

Destier The War Horse
Medieval sources offer many exaggerated accounts of the overall size of a typical Destrier horse

Many knights even gave their horses names and treated them as beloved companions rather than mere beasts of burden.

Norman Knights
The image shows the weaponary, shields and horses used by medieval Norman knights

Knights & Dogs

Dogs were another popular animal companion of medieval knights. These loyal animals were trained to serve a variety of roles, including hunting, tracking, and guarding.

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Knights often kept packs of hunting dogs, such as greyhounds and mastiffs, and would go on hunting expeditions with their fellow nobles.

Dogs also played a role in warfare, serving as guard dogs and even as weapons in some cases. Some knights would train their dogs to attack enemy soldiers, either as a distraction or as a means of disabling them before the knight could deliver the killing blow.

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“The dog was a loyal and valuable companion to the knight, serving as a hunting partner, guard dog, and source of comfort and companionship.” – Historian Elizabeth Morrison

Knights & Falcons

Falcons, or birds of prey, were also highly prized by medieval knights. These fierce birds were trained for hunting, and knights would often take them on expeditions to hunt game such as hares and pheasants.

Medieval Falconery was a game or sport for nobles
Medieval Games For Nobles Falconry Falconers

Falcons were also used in battle, with knights sometimes releasing them to attack enemy soldiers or distract them with their screeching cries.

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“The falcon was a prized possession of the medieval knight, representing his love of hunting, his skill and dexterity, and his status as a nobleman.” – Historian Richard Kieckhefer

Symbolic Significance in Medieval Chivalric Culture

In addition to their practical uses, horses, dogs, and falcons also had symbolic significance in medieval chivalric culture.

Horses, for example, were often seen as symbols of status and prestige, with knights riding only the finest and most well-trained horses to demonstrate their wealth and power.

Dogs were often associated with loyalty and fidelity, and were seen as valuable companions for their masters. Falcons, on the other hand, were symbols of nobility and prowess, with only the most skilled and wealthy knights able to afford the cost of training and maintaining these majestic birds.

Knights falchion sword plate armour helmets

Knights & Animal Companions in Medieval Art & Literature

The relationship between knights and their animal companions was often romanticized in medieval literature and art. Stories such as the legend of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table frequently featured knights riding into battle on horseback, accompanied by their faithful dogs and hunting with their trusty falcons.

King Arthur

“The relationship between knight and animal companion was often depicted in literature and art as one of mutual trust, affection, and respect.” – Historian Susan Crane

Harsh Realities

Despite the romanticized portrayals, however, the reality of life for these animal companions was often harsh. Horses, for example, were often subjected to grueling training regimens and harsh living conditions, and many died on the battlefield.

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Dogs were often subjected to brutal training methods, including beating and starvation, and were frequently killed if they failed to perform as expected.


Despite these harsh realities, however, the bond between knights and their animal companions remains a fascinating and enduring aspect of medieval chivalric culture.


The relationship between a knight and his horse, dog, or falcon was one of mutual trust and respect, and served as a testament to the deep connection between humans and animals.

Whether charging into battle or hunting in the countryside, these animal companions were an essential part of the lives of medieval knights and continue to capture our imaginations today.