First Crusade Dates – Timeline

First crusade dates , time-line and period

First Crusade Fast Facts

  • First Crusades Called by Pope Urban II – 1095.
  • Start of the First Crusades – 1096.
  • End of the First Crusade – 1099.
  • Result – Christian Crusader Victory with Jerusalem Captured
  • Godfrey De Bouillon – made First ‘King of Jerusalem’.

First Crusades Explained

The Crusades spanned many centuries and were a series of Holy wars for control of the Holy land regions – in particular the Holy City of Jerusalem.

Islamic control of much of the Holy lands including the City of Jerusalem could not be tolerated by the ‘Christian West’, Christians Pilgrims who traveled throughout the Holy Land regions were also attacked and could not travel safely.

This is why in 1095 Pope Urban II from Clermont-Ferrand (a city and commune in France) reached out to the leaders of Europe and requested their help in re-claiming the Holy Land territories.

Pope Urban II appeal was sent out in the year 1095

However there was a lot of planning and logistics involved and the ‘First Crusade’ did not begin until the Following Year in 1096!

Pope Urban II

The image shows a Statue of the Famous Pope Urban II


Who was involved in the First Crusades

The First Crusade involved Nobles not Kings as in other Crusades, they came from different countries across Europe such as France, Italy and Flanders to answer the Call of Pope Urban II .

In the year 1096 a well trained and armed group of soldiers and knights led by Nobles would take the perilous journey towards Jerusalem.


Constantinople

The Crusader armies set off from many areas of Europe, but they were all heading in the same direction towards Constantinople which would have been a good meeting point for their forces on their way to Jerusalem!

Many skirmishes and Battles would take place of the Journey to Jerusalem

Constantinople during the Middle Ages!


First Crusades Battles Time-line

  • Battle of Nicaea – Victory for the Crusaders in 1097.
  • Battle of Dorylaeum – Victory for the Crusaders in 1097.
  • Crusader forces capture Antioch in 1098 (Very Important Muslim Strong-hold).
  • Crusader armies capture the city of Acre, reach and re-take Jerusalem in the year 1099.


What was the Outcome of the First Crusade?

Many of the Crusades were unsuccessful and some were complete disasters, however the first crusade was a huge success, not only did the crusading armies take many Muslim strongholds such as Edessa and Antiochin – they reached and conquered Jerusalem in the Year 1099.


How and When did the Crusade End?

The First Crusade ended in the Year 1096 after Christian forces had recaptured many important locations of the Holy lands and had re-captured the Holy City of Jerusalem.

With this crusader victory – ‘Godfrey de Bouillon’ was made First ‘King of Jerusalem’ and the Kingdom of Jerusalem was created by the victors together with other Crusader countries.

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