In German the Teutonic order state was called Deutschordensstaat and Ordensstaat. It is thought that the order of the Teutonic Knights was founded in 1190 although like the other religious military orders of the medieval period such as the Knights Templar and Knights Hospitaller, there is some disagreement about the exact date of the origins of these military militaristic religious orders. Like other Knights of the medieval period the Teutonic Knights took vows of Chastity, poverty and obedience.
The Teutonic Knights was a German militaristic religious order, it was known as the order of brothers and was located in Jerusalem in the German house of St Mary.
The Teutonic Knights and Saladin
The Teutonic Knights were more akin to the Knights Hospitaller than the Knights Templar as they were created to care for ill, dying and injured Christian pilgrims. The Teutonic knights had a fighting purpose like the Knights Templar but also tended to the injured and dying Christian crusaders on the battlefield and in the hospitals that they had created. The Teutonic Knights were prominent within Jerusalem city up until 1187 when Saladin the famous Muslim leader conquered the city of Jerusalem, however so impressed was Saladin with the Teutonic Knights work that he allowed some of the Teutonic Knights to stay in Jerusalem and continue with their work. In the early 13th century the Teutonic Knights were led by a leader who was their grandmaster called Herman Von Salza.
Flag of the Teutonic Knights and the Teutonic Order
Teutonic Knights and the siege of Acre 1189-1191
The Teutonic Knights continued to expand and grow in power and it wasn’t long before they were one of the most powerful militaristic religious orders in the medieval world. During the siege of Acre in the third Crusades the Teutonic Knights were officially founded and became recognised as one of the great military religious orders in Europe.
Teutonic Knights Clothing
The Teutonic Knights had a similar look to the Knights Hospitaller, whereas the Knights Hospitaller’s costumes were black with a white cross, this was reversed for the Teutonic Knights who wore white costumes with a black cross (see images). The Teutonic Knights outfit was just as distinctive as the Knights Templar but they did not have as formidable reputation for fighting as the Knights Templar. The Teutonic Knights horses were also covered in same the distinctive white and black cross as their masters.
The Teutonic Knights Armour
The Teutonic Knights wore chain-mail and full plate armour under their white robes with black crosses, it it was common for medieval knights to wear a type of medieval helmet called “The Great Helm” during this medieval period. The Teutonic knights horses which would usually be from the Destrier breed which were strong powerful horses, were also trained to fight themselves and would also wear full plate armour, including chain-mail and plate armour such as a Chanfron, which was plate armour for the Horses Face. The white cloth covering for the Teutonic Knights horse was called a trapper and would match the Teutonic Knights white and black colours. Teutonic Knights would usually have a large kite shield strapped to his back as he rode his horse.
Grunge Flag of The Teutonic Knights
Teutonic Knights Weapons
The favoured weapon of the medieval knight was his sword and it was no different for the Teutonic Knights, A knights sword had special meaning for him and was part of his knighthood, it was a weapon that no knight could do without, although medieval Teutonic Knights had other weapons, such as maces, war hammers and a of course a lance it was usually the sword that a medieval knight used the most in battle. If a medieval Teutonic Knight was unseated from his horse by the enemy and the battle went to ground, he would use his sword and protect himself with his shield. If the Teutonic Knight lost both his sword and shield and there were no other weapons available such as Maces and war Hammers he would usually resort to using a medieval dagger such as Rondel dagger, which was good for penetrating gaps in the enemies armour.
Summary of the Teutonic Knights
The Teutonic Knights were well respected during medieval times and the Crusades. As well as being fearsome warriors the Teutonic knights help care for sick, dying and injured Christians during the Crusades. The German Teutonic Knights also built hospitals and became a well respected and established religious military order during the crusades who carried out important work.