Knights Templar Captivating History 1118

Knights Templar Origins

The Knights Templar was originally just nine Knights who came from wealthy families in France. They were all relatives of the French nobleman Hugues de Payens who formed the ‘order of the Knights Templar’.

The Knights Templar’s original mission was to protect Christian pilgrims on the perilous journey to the Holy Lands which were now under Muslim Turkish rule.

The-Crusades-Holylands-jerusalem-Temple-Rock-Dome


Temple Mount

The Knights Templar were given permission to set up their headquarters in the Temple Mount in the Holy city of Jerusalem by King Baldwin II, this was a very important location within the city.

Dome of The Rock

Temple of Solomon

The Knights Templar’s headquarters were located in the Aqsa Mosque which was believed to stand on the site of King Solomon’s Temple, King Solomon was a legendary ruler from ancient times who is believed to have great wisdom and wealth.

There are a lot of legends concerning the Knights Templar Legend has it that the Knights Templar spent this time digging under the Temple Mount until they found hidden treasures, and more importantly ancient knowledge that is believed to have given them great wealth and power.


Templar Treasure

When the Knights Templar returned to Europe after their nine years at Temple Mount they quickly became very wealthy and powerful.

Many wealthy noble families of Christian faith throughout Europe and churches are also believed to have been sympathetic to their cause of reclaiming the holy lands and had given them land and money in support of the cause.

legend has it that it was the treasure and knowledge gained from the items they found at the Temple of Solomon that gave them their true wealth and power.

Knights Templar

Treasures of Mount Temple

Legend has it that the Knights Templar found the Holy Grail which is the cup that Jesus drank from at the last supper!

List of the Knights of the Round Table

They are also said to have discovered the ‘Ark of the covenant’ or the ‘Ark of testimonies’ as it was also known, a chest that is believed to contain the original stones on which the 10 Commandments were engraved.

It is also claimed that they may have found part of the cross on which Jesus was crucified.


The Knights Templar Name

The Aqsa Mosque was commonly known as the Templum Solomonis from ancient times. It was from the knights’ Templar association with this Temple that the Knights Templar eventually took their name which was a shortened version of Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici and meant “the poor fellow-soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon”!

Templar Red and White Flag

Templar Flag

For these reasons, they became widely known as the Knights Templar.

Medieval Cavalry Shields of the KnightsTemplars


Order of the Knights Templar

The Knights Templar was a militaristic order of religious knights whose job was to serve and protect people of the Christian faith during their pilgrims to the Holy Land. The Knights Templar had very strict codes of conduct that they had to obey such as vows made regarding chastity and poverty.

The order of the Knights Templar was founded in the year 1118 in Jerusalem to protect Christian pilgrims visiting the Holy Lands.


Knight’s Templar Warriors

The Knights Templar were highly trained, fearsome warriors who had no fear of death, they only feared God and were prepared to fight to the death in battle. Other religious orders during the crusades included the Knights Hospitaller and Teutonic Knights cared for ill and injured Christians as well as protected them.

It was the Knights Templar who were the most feared of all, they were simply mentally and physically supremely prepared for battle and were only trained to fight.


Shields and Dress

The Knights Templar wore very distinctive clothing with white surcoats emblazoned with a red cross. The Knights Templar horses were also donned in the white and red of the Knights Templar, the Templar shield would be white with a Red Cross.

Medieval Knights Surcoat


The Knights Hospitaller

The Knights Hospitaller were another religious order, similar to the Knights Templar, however, the Knights Hospitaller as their name suggests looked after the sick and wounded, but they fought for their faith during the crusades as well.

The Knights Hospitaller Flag & Colours

The Knights Hospitaller were also known as the Knights of St John and would also fight for the Christian faith without hesitation. The Knights Hospitaller wore black full-length tunics over their chainmail with a white cross.


The Teutonic Knights

During the third Crusade another religious order of Knights was formed, these Knights originated from Germany and were called the Teutonic Knights. The Teutonic knights were similar to the Hospitaller Knights as it was also their mission to care for Christians who were sick and injured and to fight for their faith.

Medieval Germany Flag of the Teutonic Order

Medieval Germany Flag of the Teutonic Order

The Teutonic knights wore full length white tunics with a black cross over their chainmail.


Knights Templar Wealth

Even though the Knights Templar took vows of chastity and poverty, the religious order of the Knights Templar became incredibly wealthy during their conquests and travels.

It is believed that the Knights Templar also gained hidden knowledge and took treasures from the temple of Solomon. It is claimed that the Knights Templar excavated tunnels underneath the Temple Mount and discovered hidden treasures and ancient knowledge.

In the future the Knights Templar were able to use their incredible wealth to build magnificent castles and buildings throughout Europe.


Knights Templar and the Crusades

Templar knights were initially very successful in their battles against the Muslims in the Crusades and they managed to take back Jerusalem briefly after the first crusade.

Saladin Leader of the Muslim armies

Saladin

However, the Templar knights suffered many setbacks mainly due to the legendary Muslim leader Saladin who eventually helped to drive out the Christians from the Holy Lands in 1291.


End of the Knights Templar

The Muslims joined forces instead of infighting and their combined armies continued to push back the Knights Templar and were able to take the important city of Acre in 1291 which brought to an end the Crusades and eventually led to the downfall of the Templar knights’ religious order altogether.

Templar Leaders Burned at the Stake

Knights-Templar-Burned-at-The-Stake

Knights Templar Leaders Burned at the Stake

After the Templar knights were defeated during the crusades in 1291 they began to lose support from wealthy people throughout Europe who had previously backed them. There were also many wealthy people throughout Europe who had given money to the Templar Knights and were indebted to them including the French King Philip IV.

At this time the French King accused the Templars’ leaders of following pagan beliefs and witchcraft and ordered their arrests!

This led to many members of the Knights Templar being burned at the stake and in 1312 the order of the Templar Knights was disbanded completely.

Legendary Tales

It is believed that Templar knights went into hiding after 1312 and infiltrated secret societies such as the Masons, there may be evidence to support this theory however this is not mainstream thinking.

It is also known that the Hospitaller Knights moved to Rhodes initially and then Malta in the Mediterranean where they continued to fight Muslims.

The Teutonic Knights who had German origins retreated back to Eastern Europe and were involved in further Crusades against the pagan religions.

Knight Templar Fast Facts

  • Templar knights were founded to protect Christian pilgrims visiting the holy land.
  • Templar knights took vows of chastity and poverty.
  • Templar knights were fearsome warriors who would fight to the death and were feared in Europe.
  • Templar knights were a religious order of knights that would care for sick and injured Christians.

  • The Teutonic Knights had German origins and were similar to the Knights Hospitaller.
  • The Templar knights were the most fearsome warriors of all the religious orders.
  • The Knights Hospitaller were also known as the Knights of St John.
  • The German Teutonic Knights formed during the third Crusade and had German origins.

  • Templar knights became immensely wealthy and powerful people.
  • Templar knights wore very distinctive white surcoats with a red cross.
  • Support for the Templar knights waned after they lost the city of Acre in 1291.
  • French King Philip IV who was in debt to the Knights Templar had many of them captured and burned at the stake.

  • Templar knights went into hiding and are believed to have infiltrated the Masons.
  • Templar knights were accused of witchcraft, tortured, and burned at the stake.
  • The Knights Hospitaller moved to Malta and continued to fight Muslims.
  • The Teutonic Knights retreated to Eastern Europe where they fought by Crusades against pagans.

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