Training to be a medieval knight started at a very early age around seven years of age boys would become a page.
A pageboy would start to learn how to fight and ride a horse in a castle until they were around 14 years of age, then they would become Squires.
During the early years of becoming a knight pages were given a basic education and taught how to handle themselves in everyday life doing chores such as serving food at the table etc.
It wasn’t until they became Squires and were sent to live with a Lord that training to become a knight began in earnest.
Becoming a knight – Apprenticeship
A page would become a squire at the age of fourteen; he would then become an understudy to an established medieval knight.
This was his apprenticeship that would eventually lead to him becoming a knight and he would look after his mentor doing a variety of task whilst observing and learning new skills from his master.
Becoming a Knight – As part of their training to become medieval knights Squires would serve food
Becoming a Knight – Training
A squire had to master a variety of weapons whilst being an expert on a horse; he needed to know everything it took to become a medieval Knight.
The apprenticeship was long and hard and the squire would have to keep his master’s armour and weaponry in top condition.
Squires had to learn fighting techniques and riding skills and would watch their masters closely and follow them into battle.
Specialised Training | Becoming a Knight
Medieval knights needed to be extremely strong to be able to carry heavy weapons during long battles whilst wearing heavy armour.
Squires worked on their strength and conditioning on a daily basis and were extremely fit.
Squires needed to practice their fighting skills and learn different fighting techniques with different weapons on their way to becoming a knight.
As the medieval period progressed, training methods advanced and specialist equipment such as the Quintain introduced.
The quintain was a rotating pole that squires and knights charged on horseback, they would try to hit the shield cleanly with the tip of their lance and if they did not hit the shield at the right place at the correct speed the rotating sandbag could knock them from their horses.
Close combat training
Medieval Squires would practice acrobatics and do other strength and fitness training on their route to becoming a knight.
Squires would take part in mock sword fights using wooden, whalebone swords called batons to hone their swordsmanship and improve their fitness.
Small round Buckler style shields made from wood or metal used to defend against attacks.
Becoming a Knight | Chivalry
Medieval Squires had to learn the code of chivalry that applied to all squires hoping to become a knight.
This was basically rules the Medieval Knights had to follow and involved morality teachings, codes of acceptable conduct that knights had to display towards people especially women and strict rules they had to obey.
Becoming a Knight – A Squire is knighted at a dubbing ceremony
Becoming a Knight | The Final Ceremony
After years of intensive training under the wing of an established knight it would finally be time for the medieval squire to make the transition to becoming a fully-fledged knight.
This would usually be around 21 years of age. In preparation for the special dubbing ceremony the following day, squires would spend the night before the ceremony in prayer asking for guidance in their new role as a knight.
Becoming a Knight – The Dubbing Ceremony & Knighthood
The dubbing ceremony was a big event often followed by feasting and dancing, sometimes tournaments took afterwards.
A knight or even a king could perform the dubbing ritual but often the squire’s proud father that would perform this duty.
The squire dressed in a white robe would kneel down and have both his shoulders tapped with a sword, usually by his father as other nobles watched.
A squire was given a sword and spurs for his achievement and new found status at becoming a medieval knight.
At the end of the dubbing ceremony, a knight’s father would say the following or similar words:
“Go fair son be thou a valiant knight and courageous in the face of your enemy and be true and upright that God may love thee".
If a battle was about to commence the dubbing ceremony could be brought forward as a new knight would be eager to prove his worth on the battlefield and becoming a knight would inspire them in battle.
On rare occasions, a squire would become a knight on the battlefield if they had carried out an act deemed worthy of such accolade.
Becoming a Knight interesting Facts:
A page would become a squire and a squire would become a knight
Training to become a knight started at the early age of around seven years old
Squires were typically knighted and proclaimed knights at around 21 years of age
Only noble boys from wealthy families could become knights
Squires had to carry out the fitness and strength exercises to become a knight
Squires would practice hitting rotating shield targets called a Quintain to hone their skills
Wooden batons were used to practice close combat sword fights
Squires practised acrobatics to improve their strength
A Quintain was used for training to use the lance and horsemanship
A squire would become a knight in a dubbing ceremony
Squires received a sword and their spurs on becoming a knight
The dubbing ceremony was followed by feasting and dancing
Squires would wear white robes to dubbing ceremonies