Elizabeth I ruled England and Ireland from 17th November 1558 to 24th March 1603. Elizabeth I was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Elizabeth I was the last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. She was known as “The Virgin Queen”, “Good Queen Bess” and “Gloriana”.
Elizabeth I was declared illegitimate once the marriage of her father and mother was declared void. Edward VI was her half-brother and ruled until 1553, and instead of transferring the powers to anyone of his two half-sisters, he transferred them to Lady Jane Grey. Elizabeth I became queen by deposing Lady Jane Grey.
Elizabeth I timeline
Elizabeth I was born on 7th September 1533
Her mother was executed in 1536
Her father, King Henry VIII died in 1547
Her half-brother King Edward VI died at a very young age in 1553
Elizabeth I was imprisoned from 1554 to 1555
Her half-sister Mary I died on 17th November 1558
Elizabeth I’s rule was from 17th November 1558 to 24th March 1603
Her coronation took place on 15th January 1559
Mary, Queen of Scots was imprisoned in 1568
The Northern rebellion took place in 1569
Mary; queen of Scots was executed in 1887
She died on 24th March 1603 at the age 69
Her burial took place on 28th April 1603
Queen Elizabeth was the last monarch of the Tudor Period
Elizabeth I Early Life
Elizabeth I was lucky enough to survive the infancy and was King Henry VIII’s only second such child. She was born at the Greenwich Palace and was named after her grandmothers. She was baptised on 10th September 1533 in the presence of the Marquess of Exeter, the Dowager Marchioness of Dorset, Archbishop Thomas Cranmer and the Duchess of Norfolk.
Elizabeth’s mother was executed when she was only two years and eight months old. She was also declared illegitimate. Her father, King Henry married Jane Seymour after eleven days of her mother’s death. In 1537, Jane died while giving birth to their son, Prince Edward who was then the undisputed heir apparent to the throne.
Elizabeth I Reign
Elizabeth I became queen of England at the age of 25 and gave a speech to show her intentions. Owen Oglethorpe, the Catholic Bishop of Carlisle crowned and anointed Elizabeth on 15th January 1559. She made a religious settlement with the church in her initial days of rule.
During her rule, the most speculated issue was Elizabeth’s marriage. It was thought that she would marry, but she never did. Elizabeth detained and later executed Mary, Queen of Scots. Elizabeth’s foreign policy was of defensive in nature except the adventure of occupation of Le Havre which ended as a failure.
What was Elizabeth I famous for?
Elizabeth I was famous for her virginity, especially when she grew older. People thought that she would marry, but she did not. Due to the very same reason, a cult grew around her.
Elizabeth I Death
Elizabeth I fell into severe depression in 1602 when several of her friends died and as a result, she fell sick and died on 24th March 1603 at the Richmond Palace. Shortly after her death, James VI of Scotland was declared as the King James I of England. Her funeral took place on 28th of April at the Westminster Abbey where she was buried.