King Edward IV of England was a very daring and competent military commander, during his reign his was never defeated in battle. King Edward IV was the first Yorkist King who ruled England twice and married Elizabeth Woodville. Read more about the King Edward IV >>
Medieval King Edward V was a weak king and disappeared in mysterious circumstances. King Edward V reign was only lasted for 86 Days and during that time nothing much happened. Medieval King Edward V was known as the prince in the tower during his life. Read more about the King Edward V >>
Henry V was a great leader and medieval king who was a great medieval warrior. Henry V won some very important battles during his reign, probably the most famous of these was the battle of Agincourt in which his tactical genius was decisive a difficult battle against the French. Read more about the King Henry V >>
Medieval King Henry VI was a quite peaceful king who struggled with the royal duties that were bestowed on him. King Henry VI was King of England and France but was not an effective king as he suffered from mental illness and struggled to make decisions. Read more about the King Henry VI >>
King Richard the III was the last king of the house of York dynasty. Medieval King Richard the III was defeated at the battle of Bosworth by King Henry and this led to the end or the York dynasty and the beginnings of the Tudor dynasty which would dominate England. Read more about the King Richard III >>
The royal houses of Lancaster and York were the ruling families that ruled England from 1399 to 1485. These were both the cadet branches of the Plantagenet Dynasty. The House of Lancaster was founded when Henry III of England created the Earldom of Lancaster in 1267 while the House of York descended from Edmund of Langley who was the first Duke of York.
While the House of Lancaster was founded in 1267, it was not until 1399 that first king from the house, Henry IV, became the ruler of England. The House of Lancaster continued to rule uninterrupted until 1461 and then again for a brief period from 1470 to 1471. Kings from the House of York, on the other hand, ruled England from 1461 to 1470 and then again from 1471 to 1485.
During the period from 1399 to 1485, three kings from the House of Lancaster and three from the House of York ruled England. From the House of Lancaster, the three kings were Henry IV, Henry V, and Henry VI. The three kings from the House of York, on the other hand, were Edward IV, Edward V, and Richard III.
The most famous king from the royal houses of Lancaster and York was easily Henry V, who was immortalised with a play by Shakespeare. As a young man, he had several female lovers and led a carefree life but became a worthy ruler as a king. He led England to the Battle of Agincourt and inflicted a crushing defeat on the French. He was crowned in 1413 and died in 1422.
Henry V is generally considered the best of all kings from the House of Lancaster and York. He was also the first king who promoted the use of England language. The previous ruler, Henry IV, was the first king from the House of Lancaster and was a highly intelligent and able man.
King Richard III from the house of York is generally considered to be the worst ruler from the Houses of Lancaster and York. He ruled England from 1483 to 1485 and was also suspected of murdering the two princes, Edward and Richard, in order to make possible his own ascension to the throne. Richard was killed in a battle against Henry Tudor, thus ending the reign of the Houses of Lancaster and York.
Most of the kings from the houses of Lancaster and York were highly religious and also extended educational and architectural patronage. Some of the important buildings constructed during their reign include Eton College, King’s College, and the chapels of both these colleges. They also extended their patronage to arts and literature and one of the famous poets of the era was Geoffrey Chaucer.
The Houses of Lancaster and York were the ruling dynasties of England whose reign extended from 1399 to 1485. During this era, three rulers from each house ruled the country. It began with the ascension of Henry IV to the throne and ended with the death of Richard III in a battle against Henry Tudor.
We hope you found this article on the Royal houses of Lancaster and York informative and factual, if you’d like to learn about other medieval king periods such as the Norman king period and the Plantagenet king period please look at the links at the bottom of this page. You can also click on images of the medieval kings within this Royal house of Lancaster and York Kings page for more detailed information on these individual medieval kings.