Plantagenet Kings

The Plantagenet kings of England were kings from the French family hailing from Anjou who ruled England from 1154 to 1485.

The reign of the Plantagenet kings of England started with Henry II and ended with the death of Richard III. The dynasty is generally identified with the name of Plantagenet, although there were other royal houses such as Lancaster and York classed as cadet branches of the same Plantagenet period

King Edward I (Longshanks) *Reign 1272-1307

Medieval King Edward I Illustration Portrait

King Edward I was famous for his temperament. He reformed the royal administration and common law Read more about the King Edward I (Longshanks) *Reign 1272-1307 >>

King Edward II *Reign 1307-1327

Medieval-king-Edward-II-Portrait

King Edward II was a failure as a king and ruler and his sexuality was questioned, King Edward II was believed to be in a relationship with Piers Gaveston Read more about the King Edward II *Reign 1307-1327 >>

King Edward III *Reign 1327-1377

Medieval King Edward III Portrait

King Edward III restored Royal authority and also united the people of England against the French. Read more about the King Edward III *Reign 1327-1377 >>

King Henry II *Reign 1154-1189

KIng Henry II

King Henry II ruled from 1154 until 1189, he was described as a ruthless leader, however, he managed to achieve so much, conquering large parts of France Read more about the King Henry II *Reign 1154-1189 >>

King Richard II Reign 1377-1399

King Richard II Portrait Medieval Kings

King Richard II was considered an intelligent King, he resolved the Peasants' Revolt with courage and cunning having the leaders killed. Read more about the King Richard II Reign 1377-1399 >>

Richard The Lionheart *Reign 1189-1199

Richard The Lionheart effigy

King Richard I was also commonly known as "Richard the Lionheart" for his bravery. Richard the Lionheart was a brave warrior who fought Saladin in the Crusades. Read more about the Richard The Lionheart *Reign 1189-1199 >>


Plantagenet Kings List

Angevins Kings who ruled from 1154 till 1216

  • Henry II
  • Richard I (Richard the Lionheart)
  • John I

Plantagenet Kings who ruled from 1216 to 1399

  • Henry III
  • Edward I
  • Edward II
  • Edward III
  • Richard II.

Lancaster and York Kings who ruled from 1399 to 1485

  • Henry IV
  • Henry V
  • Henry VI
  • Edward IV
  • Edward V
  • Richard III

Plantagenet Kings History

The era of the Plantagenet kings of England started in 1154 with the ascension of Henry II to the throne. Henry II ruled till his death in 1189 after which Richard the Lionheart ascended to the throne and ruled till his death in 1199.

Richard-The-Lionheart

Richard The Lionheart

The Plantagenet kings of England ruled the land till the end of the Hundred Years’ War in which they were conclusively defeated with the last king Richard III dying in the Battle of Bosworth also known as the Battle of Bosworth Field.

Battle-of-Bosworth

Battle of Bosworth

Who were the Plantagenet Kings?

The Plantagenet Dynasty can be sub-divided into Angevins kings who ruled from 1154 till 1216. During this era, the rulers were Henry II, Richard I, and John I.

from 1216 to 1399, the Plantagenet rulers were Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, Edward III, and Richard II.

After that, till 1485, rulers came from the houses of Lancaster and York. These rulers were Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI, Edward IV, Edward V, and Richard III.

Famous Plantagenet Kings

Some of the most famous rulers of British history belonged to the Plantagenet Dynasty. For instance, Richard I, also known as Richard the Lionheart, was famous for leading the Third Crusade and conquering much of France.

Richard Lionheart

Richard Lionheart

King John I was famous because it was during his reign that the Magna Carta was drafted and passed, although he was not a particularly successful king.

Signing Magna Carta

King John Signs the Magna Carta

  • The Plantagenet Kings ruled England from 1154 to 1485
  • The Plantagenet Kings came from France just like the earlier Norman Kings
  • Notable Plantagenet Kings were Henry II and Richard the Lionheart
  • Plantagenet Kings were in control of England until the end of the Hundred Years War
  • Richard the Lionheart led the third crusade during the Plantagenet Kings period

Best Plantagenet Kings

Henry II, the first ruler in the Plantagenet Dynasty is often also considered one of the best rulers of the dynasty. He laid the foundations of a unified Britain and also gave England its Common Law. Henry III who ruled from 1216 to 1272 can also be considered one of the best rulers of the dynasty since it was during his era that Oxford and Cambridge universities were established and the parliament, known as the House of Commons, started.

Medieval King Henry III

Henry III ruled from 1216 to 1272

Who were the worst Plantagenet Kings?

One of the worst rulers from the Plantagenet Dynasty was Edward II who ruled from 1307 to 1327. He invaded Scotland in 1314 to suppress the popular revolt but was defeated at Bannockburn. He was eventually deposed by his wife Isabella in 1327 and her lover Roger de Mortimer and murdered.

Medieval King Edward II in Ceremonial dress

Medieval King Edward II of England in full ceremonial costume and Crown

Plantagenet Kings Achievements

Various accomplishments can be attributed to the Plantagenet kings of England. To begin with, it was the first ruler of the dynasty Henry II who laid the basis of English Common Law.

It was also during the reign of the Plantagenet Kings that the House of Commons was established. Large towns were established during this era and trade flourished, although the Hundred Years’ War left the economy in shambles.

House of Commons

House of Commons

Plantagenet Kings Summary

The Plantagenet kings of England ruled Britain from 1154 to 1485. The dynasty began with the ascension of Henry II to the throne and ended with the death of Richard III. The kings of the dynasty mainly hailed from the houses of Angevins, Lancaster, and York.

  • Historically important events happened during the Plantagenet Kings era like the Magna Carta signing
  • Henry II was the first King during the Plantagenet King’s era
  • Not only was King Henry II the first but he was also considered to be the best Plantagenet king
  • The world-famous Oxford and Cambridge universities were founded during the Plantagenet period
  • Parliament (the House of Commons) was established around the 12 century in the Plantagenet king period