Anglo Saxons

The Anglo-Saxons were fearsome warriors that were born to fight, they were naturally strong people from Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands. As soon as the Anglo-Saxons left their ships they were looking for a fight, they battled their way inland stealing, looting and taking any land they could on the way.

Anglo-Saxons usually settle down to become farmers once they had conquered territory and usually divided it into small parcels of land, each person would get a small plot that they could grow food on for their family, they also had to give a percentage of the food to the Anglo-Saxon King each year. An Anglo-Saxon man who owned a small plot of land was called a ceorl pronounced churl and his land was called a hide.

Anglo Saxon Clothes

Ordinary Anglo Saxon People mainly wore clothes made from Wool and Linen, Anglo Saxon Clothes of Nobility and Royals were better quality

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Anglo Saxon Farming

Anglo Saxon Farming made use of basic tools like a plough and other farming tools such as Spades and Billhooks were used by Anglo Saxon Farmers Read more about the Anglo Saxon Farming >>

Anglo Saxon Food

Anglo Saxon Food was healthy and from natural sources, the Anglo Saxons mainly ate Grains, Vegetables and Meats and were keen Farmers and Hunters

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Anglo Saxon History

Anglo Saxon History

The Anglo Saxon History is one of Emigration to Northern Europe, the Germanic tribes of Saxons and Angles migrated across Europe and United England Read more about the Anglo Saxon History >>

Anglo Saxon Kings

Alfred The Great

Anglo Saxon Kings such as Alfred The Great, Offa of Mercia and Edwin of Northumbria were important rules in Anglo Saxon History Read more about the Anglo Saxon Kings >>

Anglo Saxon Life

Anglo Saxon Life

Anglo Saxon Life was structured into a clearly defined hierarchy of Freemen such as Nobility and Slaves, Religion was very important element of the Anglo Saxon society Read more about the Anglo Saxon Life >>

Anglo Saxon People

Anglo Saxon People

The Anglo Saxons who settled in medieval Europe and England in the 5th Century were from Germanic tribes of Angles and Saxons Read more about the Anglo Saxon People >>

Anglo Saxon Warriors

Anglo Saxons used mainly infantry during battles and the main bulk of the army were not professional Soldiers and were mainly peasants, mercenaries and Professional soldiers were also used. Read more about the Anglo Saxon Warriors >>

Anglo Saxon Wars

The Anglo Saxons had to fight many wars against the Britons and Welsh to hold onto and expand their territory, eventually being weakened and defeated by the Vikings, they finally lost out to the Norman armies  Read more about the Anglo Saxon Wars >>

Anglo Saxon Weapons and Weaponry

Weapons and Weaponry - Top 4 Weapons used by 'Anglo Saxon Warriors' Read more about the Anglo Saxon Weapons and Weaponry >>

Anglo Saxons Timeline

Anglo Saxon Timeline

See a comprehensive timeline of the Anglo Saxons history in Medieval Times. The Anglo Saxon timeline gives you the Key dates in Anglo Saxon History Read more about the Anglo Saxons Timeline >>

Famous Anglo Saxon Kings

Famous Anglo Saxon Kings Alfred the Great, Offa of Mercia were of Germanic origins - started arriving in the British Isle around 5th Century Read more about the Famous Anglo Saxon Kings >>

Famous Anglo Saxons

The Anglo Saxons brought new Ideas and Culture to the British Isle, There are Many Famous Anglo Saxons who left their mark on Medieval History Read more about the Famous Anglo Saxons >>

Saxon History in England

Anglo Saxon England

Saxon History in England was fascinating and a period of great expansion for the Saxons Tribes, who settled in vast numbers in England Read more about the Saxon History in England >>

The Anglo Saxons

The Anglo Saxon People

The Anglo Saxons people originated from two Germanic tribes that expanded throughout Europe and came to England in large numbers Read more about the The Anglo Saxons >>

Who were the Anglo Saxons

Who were the Anglo Saxons and where did they come from, Discover the Origins of the Anglo Saxons and How they came to unify England Read more about the Who were the Anglo Saxons >>


Anglo Saxons Culture

Anglo-Saxons had a different culture than British Christians, they were pagans who prayed to many different gods, they believed that there were gods of rocks, trees and the Sun etc. The Anglo-Saxons believed in a strong family unit and were very loyal to their relatives even distant relatives. If an Anglo-Saxons relative was killed this was not accepted by Anglo-Saxon families and they would either kill the person in revenge or demand some form of compensation for their loss. This compensation was set in law and was structured whereas the rich got more and the lower classes of people got less compensation money.

Anglo Saxon Settlements Map

Anglo Saxon settlements in England in early period of 400-500

Anglo Saxon social structure

There was a social order for Anglo-Saxons that they had to follow, first there was the lower people in society who owned a small plots of land called churls, these formed the majority of Anglo-Saxon people, next in line was a thegn pronounced thane, these people own five plots of land (hides) next up the social ladder of importance was the Anglo Saxon church and above them was the Anglo-Saxon King.

Anglo-Saxon kings dined with and looked after the strongest men in their tribes to win their loyalty, sometimes rival Anglo-Saxon kings from other areas would support each other if there was a common purpose, this meant that the King with less men and the weaker army would support a stronger King in battles and keep him happy with the giving of valuable gifts.

This could be one of the reasons that Anglo Saxons were always raiding and looting other people’s territory because of this social structure of giving gifts to one another to keep their loyalty.

Anglo Saxon King

The Anglo-Saxon King would collect food and goods from each Anglo-Saxon family, the wealthier Anglo-Saxon people with five plots of land would give more than the low-level Anglo-Saxons who only had small plots of land. Anglo-Saxon Kings had administrators who decided how much food and gifts each family should give each year to the Anglo-Saxon King. The Anglo-Saxon King had to be a very strong leader, he was basically the strongest and bravest warrior and regularly had to fight off challenges to his leadership by other strong Anglo-Saxon Warriors.

Anglo-Saxon Housing

Considering it was the seventh century Anglo-Saxons lived in quite well built properties, Anglo-Saxon people tended to be strong and good with their hands, houses were built close to the fields where they grew their food and were made from solid wooden frames that were finished off with a combination of reeds mixed with mud.

The Anglo-Saxon King as you might expect had the best home, he lived in a giant ornate long hall, this large building was designed so that the Anglo-Saxon King could entertain and have large feasts with his most loyal warriors who were usually thegn’s. These Anglo Saxon warriors were well looked after by the Anglo Saxon King, who did this to keep their loyalty to stop them challenging his authority. The Kings hall usually had a cooking area in the middle of the room where the food for feasts would be cooked, and long wooden tables down both sides where the King and his loyal supporters would be brought food and ale as entertainers told stories set to music.

Anglo-Saxon Food

The low-level Anglo-Saxon people with only small plots of land ate what they grew themselves this was mainly oats, wheat, barley beans and peas. They ate meat from the animals they raised such as pigs, sheep, goats and cows. The King also ate the same kind of foods, however there was properly a greater quantity and better quality of food available to him.

Anglo Saxon England

The Anglo-Saxons lived in England during the period around the seventh century however they came from Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands and spoke a Germanic language, few of them were able to read or write anything. This Germanic language was changed and adapted as time went on and was adopted across Anglo Saxon England, this led to it becoming the universal language spoken called “English” and is a language that is commonly used throughout the world today.

Anglo-Saxon Costumes

The clothes worn by Anglo Saxon people in different medieval periods.

Anglo-Saxon Women and Slaves

Anglo Saxon women spent most that time spinning and weaving thread they also tended to jobs that would be classed as housewife duties today like cleaning, designing furnishings, making bedlinen etc. They also served drinks such as ale which was made from a fermenting of honey, in Anglo Saxon times called Mead and is similar to the ales we drink today. Anglo-Saxon women lived like slaves and had few rights, they did all the dirty menial jobs in Anglo-Saxon society. Anglo-Saxons also commonly had slaves who were captured in their conquest and others were born into slavery from previous generations of slaves.

Anglo Saxon men – Hunting and fighting

Anglo-Saxon men were probably very strong because of their active lifestyles they spent most of the time farming or hunting for food, they were very good hunters who use dogs to track down animals such as deers and wild boars and they even trained hawks to hunt other birds for them. They were very in tune with nature and knew how animals behaved and how best to use nature to their advantage.

Anglo-Saxon men were always battle ready they were armed with long spears that had sharp iron points, some Anglo-Saxon fighters had battleaxes and swords, they had to pay for their weapons and only the wealthier members of the Anglo-Saxon tribes had superior weapons.

Anglo-Saxon Helmets

Only very wealthy Anglo-Saxons such as the King would have Anglo Saxon helmets, these were difficult to make and quite rare and were usually decorated with bronze, gold and silver and even jewels were attached to these helmets which sometimes doubled up as crowns for Anglo-Saxon Kings.

Anglo-Saxon clothes and fashion

Anglo-Saxons usually made their clothing from wool and linen, it was designed to be comfortable and practical, they also added decorations to make the clothing look superior and who use plant juices as a die to add colour.

Anglo-Saxon people usually wore loose fitting tunics that were gathered at the waist by a belt they were either full length or stopped at the knee, with leggings worn underneath. When it was cold thick cloaks were worn that were kept in place by metal brooches. The King wore similar clothes but they were usually of a better quality. Leather was also widely used by Anglo-Saxon people to make bags, shoes and other similar items.

Anglo Saxon Facts:

  • Anglo -Saxons were fearsome fighters of early medieval times
  • Anglo -Saxons invaded from the North Sea on ships
  • Anglo -Saxons would raid and pillage wealth and land
  • Anglo-Saxon people originated from Denmark, Germany and Holland
  • Anglo-Saxon King demanded a list of goods be collected from families each year
  • Anglo-Saxon people lived off the land and ate a basic diet
  • The King lived in a large ornate hall where he entertained his most loyal supporters
  • Anglo-Saxons drank liquid called Mead which is similar to the ale we drink today
  • Anglo-Saxons created the English-language which is known throughout the world today
  • Anglo-Saxons were pagans who believed in many gods
  • Anglo Saxon women had limited lives and were kept at home
  • Slaves in Anglo-Saxon times had no rights and we usually captured or born into slavery
  • Anglo-Saxon men were very active hunters and were always ready for battle
  • Anglo-Saxon people were very well clothed and even had leather shoes and bags
  • Only medieval Anglo-Saxon King’s had helmets and they were decorated in Silver, Gold and Jewels
  • Anglo-Saxons named days of the week after their gods
  • Thursday was Thors day – he was the god of war and thunder
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