The clothing of a princess during the medieval period was meant to reflect her high status among the women of nobility. Consequently, the princess usually dressed up with nearly the same amount of regalia as the main royals although her dress was less embellished than the Queen’s. Still the clothing of a princess clearly showed her to be well above other women of the nobility thereby indicating her relationship to the royal family.
In the manufacture of a medieval princess’ clothes, the most expensive and high-quality furs and other materials were used. In the making of the tunics and gowns which were the main items of a medieval princess’ clothing, extensive use of furs and highly expensive materials such as silks for trimming and golden threads for lace work were used.
Much in imitation of the Queen and her standard style, a princess would also wear a number of pearls and jewels sewn into her dress as a clear indication of her regal link. The overall clothing of a medieval princess evolved significantly over the course of the medieval period.
The clothing of a European princess at the beginning of the medieval period was rather loose and simple, reflecting the strong religious influence of Christianity at most of the Europe of the period. The clothing was complemented by a head-dress of some sort which a princess was typically required to wear whenever she went out in the public.
Towards the High Middle Ages, the royalty in Europe began to accept the classical influences of the Romans and the Greeks. The result was an attempt to imitate the classic traditions of clothing. One of the earliest manifestations of this was that the dresses at the beginning of the High Middle Ages became tighter.
This was true for the clothing of princesses as well who would wear tight but full dresses which comprised of a long tunic together with a stylish veil which fell down from the head, completely covering the neck. An additional cloak lines with an expensive material such as ermine was also used by a princess to indicate her wealth and high status.
The greater freedom from church injunctions that princesses and other members of the royalty enjoyed in this period was largely due to the rise in power and wealth of feudal lords while the church’s political authority declined.
Towards the late medieval period, the clothing of a princess became more elaborate. Many new items became standard, such as the use of well-made and expensive shoes. The use of different kinds of elaborate hairstyles also became a regular part of the fashion of a medieval princess in this period.
On rare occasions, a princess could use two richly-made, expensive robes to indicate her greater wealth compared to other women of nobility. Head-gears such as different kinds of caps and veils became popular among princesses during this period. French princesses were among the most notable in exerting an influence over the fashion of the clothing of princesses of the period.