Medieval Hats

During medieval times, different kinds of medieval hats were prevalent during different periods. The culture of wearing hats existed during early medieval times but became more common during the middle and late medieval times.

A Medieval hat was considered an essential component of the complete attire and continued to remain popular even beyond the medieval times. Hats were relatively simple during the early medieval times but became more elaborate during the middle and late medieval times.

Various Styles of Medieval Hats

Types of Medieval Hats

A variety of medieval hat types were popular during different eras. For instance, there was a floppy hat which was used by both men and women. These medieval hats were equally popular among peasants and nobles, although the quality of cloth varied with the social status. Other kinds of medieval hats include leather cavalier hat, muffin hat, capitano hat, and others.


Medieval Hennin Hat

A Hennin Style Hat worn in Medieval times

Who made Medieval Hats?

Tailors were hired by nobility and rich merchants to make their clothes as well as medieval hats. Thus customised hats with elaborate styles could be ordered. The common people and the peasantry, on the other hand, usually purchased ready made hats or sometimes made them at home. Peasant women could sew and embroider them when required. Various materials were used to make medieval hats, including wool, silk, linen, leather, and cotton etc.

Medieval Hats for Men

Various popular medieval hats were used by men. Hats and hoods were common during the early medieval times and with the passage of time, hats began to be used as status symbol. During the late medieval times small hats with a round crown were popular medieval hats for men which also included a turn-down brim. Hats with turned up side-brims were also popular and had a stylish band with buckle.

  • Early medieval hats were of the basic design made from basic materials
  • Medieval hats became popular during later medieval periods, designs and styles became more elaborate
  • Popular medieval hats were the leather cavalier hat, the muffin hat and the capitano hat
  • The nobility often had their hats custom-made as their status symbol increased
  • Medieval peasants or commoners usually made their own hats or bought ready-made medieval hats

Medieval Hats for Women

Women also used various medieval hats which were sometimes quite elaborately decorated. Among the women of lower classes, the straw hat was the most famous medieval hat. Another popular medieval hat for women was The Hennin which was similar to a traditional Turkish fez. Tall, pointed hennins became popular for women in medieval Europe.

Royal Child in Medieval Hat

Edward VI child wearing feathered hat

Medieval Hats for Nobility

Nobility made use of different kinds of medieval hats which were worn on different occasions. Caps with a round crown and upstanding brim became popular during the reign of Richard I. Chaperon was another popular medieval hat for nobles and became particularly popular during the 14th century. A hat called a “torque” was used by noble women while travelling.

Medieval Hats History

Medieval hats underwent several transformations in style and purpose over the centuries. During the early medieval times, the styles were simple and the main purpose of hats was merely protection of the head. During the middle medieval times, contact with the East and increase in trade brought considerable wealth in Europe and, just like clothes in general, hats also became a symbol of social status. This trend continued in the late medieval times and beyond.

Medieval Hats Summary

Several styles and features of medieval hats have remained popular at one point or other. Straw hats were most commonly used among peasants of medieval times. The nobility, on the other hand, wore a variety of hats which were elaborately decorated and reflected their social status.

  • The most common hat worn by medieval women was the straw hat
  • The Hennin hat which was similar to a Turkish fez was also popular with medieval women
  • Medieval women who were travelling wore a hat called a torque which was popular in medieval times
  • During later medieval periods different hat designs became more popular due to advancements in production
  • Many more materials became available to medieval people for medieval hats as merchants travelled the world

We hope you enjoyed this article on medieval hats if you’d like to learn more about medieval clothing in general please look at the links at the bottom of this medieval hats page, this will give you idea of the types of clothes worn with different styles of medieval hats.





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