Top 10 Castles in England

Castles in England – Top 10 – Medieval Lists

Castles refer to fortified buildings which were constructed during the medieval ages by the English nobility.

Different lords all over England constructed castles of various structures, many of which are extant to this day although they have been modified over the centuries.

Most of the castles in England were built after William the Conqueror took the English throne.

Discover 10 of the Most Magnificent Castles in England


Dover Castle 1

Dover Castle has historically been one of the most important castles of England.

It is located in Dover, Kent and was historically one of the chief gateways to England via sea.

Throughout the Medieval Ages and later, anyone coming to England had to land at the Dover Castle, so the Castle was seen as the Key to England.

Given its defensive significance, the castle had many defensive characteristics meant to make it formidable for any foe.

The castle has many underground tunnels which were fiercely guarded especially during the time of Napoleonic Wars.

It is located in Dover, Kent and was historically one of the chief gateways to England via sea.


The Tower of London 2

The Tower of London is one of the most famous castles in UK.

The castle has historically been related directly to reigning English monarchs and their families.

It was seen as a sign of the King’s might.

During Henry VIII’ reign, he kept Anne Boleyn in this castle during the final days of her life.

In the reign of Richard III, this was the castle where the princes vanished.

The Tower of London is located at the north bank of Thames and has a large complex of buildings within its boundaries.

During medieval ages, the phrase ‘sent to the tower’ was often used to refer to imprisonment in this castle.

During Henry VIII reign, he kept Anne Boleyn in this castle during the final days of her life.


Bodiam Castle 3

Bodiam Castle was constructed in 1385 in East Sussex.

It was meant to be an apt safeguard against any rebellious actions of the rural population and the threats of a French invasion.

Bodiam Castle was built as a moated castle during the reign of Richard II.

Although it has an excellent architecture, the castle was not too ideal for defensive purposes, given its walls which were not thick enough for an effective defense.

Moreover, the castle was not large enough to house a sufficient military garrison.

The Bodiam Castle was built as a moated castle during the reign of Richard II.


Windsor Castle 4

Windsor Castle is located in Berkshire and is considered one of the oldest and largest castle of Britain.

The castle was built during the time of William The Conqueror.

The Bodiam Castle was built as a moated castle during the reign of Richard II.

The reigning monarchs would use the castle as their private residence, as a fortified garrison and often as a place where they would occasionally retire for a period.

The castle is still in use and Queen Elizabeth II uses it as one of her residences, using it both as her home and as her office.

The castle was originally constructed during William the Conqueror’s reign in the 11th century.


Skipton Castle 5

The Skipton Castle is located in North Yorkshire and was built in 1090 after William The Conqueror had helped a Norman nobility ascend to power in England.

Originally, the castle was built as a motte and bailey building but later its structure was made from stone. T

he castle served an important point of defense for the Royalists during the English Civil War.

It was the only castle guarded by the Royalists in the North although its control was relinquished to Oliver Cromwell in 1645.

The castle stands well preserved today and a portion of it is still used as a private residence.

The Skipton Castle is located in North Yorkshire and was built in 1090 after William The Conqueror had helped a Norman nobility ascend to power in England. – please see link for license details – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Skipton_Castle_dg2.JPG – Author – Davegill70


Warwick Castle 6

Warwick Castle was built near the River Avon in Warwick ,Warwickshire.

The most significant thing about the Warwick Castle is that it was constructed by William The Conqueror in 1068.

Since then, it was used by the Earl of Warwick until Henry II took control of it in the 12th century.

During the 15th century, the Warwick Castle was used to imprison the English king Edward IV.

The castle was reconstructed a number of times during the Medieval Ages, so as to augment its fortifications.

As a result of these fortifications, the Warwick Castle became one of the secured strongholds in the medieval ages.

Today, the castle is well-preserved and is a tourist attraction.

The most significant thing about the Warwick Castle is that it was constructed by William The Conqueror in 1068.


Carlisle Castle 7

The Carlisle Castle was built first by William II as he took control of Carlisle in 1092.

Carlisle was previously a town since the time of the Romans.

Since the castle was located at what was historically the border region between England and Scotland, it remained one of the most frequently attacked castles.

Consequently, the structure of the castle was fortified a number of times over the centuries in order to make it strong enough to withstand attacks.

The castle is a popular tourist attraction today, housing a museum and is office to the Duke of Lancaster’s Regiment.

The Carlisle Castle was built first by William II as he took control of Carlisle in 1092.


Lincoln Castle 8

The Lincoln Castle was constructed by William the Conqueror in the 11th century at the town of Lincoln which was originally founded by the Romans

The most notable use of the castle throughout the medieval times was as a prison for notable persons and as a court of law.

The Castle gives an excellent view of the surrounding region and it is well preserved.

Today it houses on of the original copies of the Magna Carta and also has a museum which is open to the tourists.

The castle also houses a chapel today which was constructed in the 19th century.

The Lincoln Castle was constructed by William the Conqueror in the 11th century at the town of Lincoln which was originally founded by the Romans


Arundel Castle 9

Arundel Castle is one of the most scenic English castles, located in West Sussex.

It was constructed during the reign of Edward the Confessor, sometime between 1042 and 1066.

Later, it was completed under the reign of William The Conqueror and given under the control of the Earl of Arundel.

It remained in the use of several notable families, including occasionally the royal family, throughout the medieval ages.

It underwent significant damage during the English Civil War but was later restored.

The castle is currently home to the Duke of Norfolk and his family.

Arundel Castle was constructed during the reign of Edward the Confessor, sometime between 1042 and 1066.


Rochester Castle 10

Rochester Castle was constructed in 1127 at the site of Rochester, Kent right next to the Medway river.

The castle served as a major Norman fortification during the early medieval ages.

It rises to a height of 111 feet, giving an excellent view of the surrounding area.

The castle has been a sort of tourist attraction since centuries, with people coming here since the Victorian times for festivals.

Today, it is a declared part of the English Heritage and is a popular tourist attraction.

Rochester Castle was constructed in 1127 at the site of Rochester, Kent right next to the Medway river.

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