Medieval Battles & Wars

There were literally hundreds of battles in medieval times. We will be listing all the famous and important medieval battles in these articles rather than covering them all. Medieval battles were a part of everyday life in middle ages and there were battles not only throughout England and Europe but also in most parts of the world.

As the medieval period progressed the tactics and weapons used in medieval combat changed dramatically and battles and wars were usually won by the armies that had the most advanced medieval weapons, armour and had intelligent and battle hardened and experienced generals and soldiers.

One of the most famous medieval battles was Battle of Hastings, in which William the Conqueror of France defeated King Harold of England, this led to the Normans defeat of the English and led to Norman rule.

In the Reconquista period the battle of Tours was the most important battle and then there were the many crusades from Europe to the Holylands. There was also the small matter of the 100-years war between England and France that actually lasted 116 years! and the Wars of the Roses.

Battle of Agincourt

Morning of Battle of Agincourt

The battle of Agincourt was one of the major battles during the 100 years war Read more about the Battle of Agincourt >>

Battle of Bannockburn

The battle of Bannockburn took place in 1314 between the Scots led by King Robert the Bruce and King Edward of England Read more about the Battle of Bannockburn >>

Battle of Bosworth

Battle of Bosworth one of the battles in the 30 year long "Wars of the Roses" involved King Richard III and Henry Tudor Read more about the Battle of Bosworth >>

Battle of Bouvines

Battle of Bouvines

The Battle of Bouvines was the final battle between the English and French armies in the Great war, it was a decisive battle Read more about the Battle of Bouvines >>

Battle of Castillon

The Battle of Castillon took part in 1453 and was one of the many battles between England and France which were part of the 100 years war Read more about the Battle of Castillon >>

Battle of Courtrai

Battle of Courtrai

The Battle of Courtrai was a battle between the French and the Flemish in 1302, it was one of the worst defeats for French Nobility Read more about the Battle of Courtrai >>

Battle of Crécy

Battle of Crécy Froissart

The Battle of Crécy was just one of a number of battles during the 100 years war between England and France. The Battle of Crécy was dominated by the English longbowmen in the same way as the battle of Agincourt.   Read more about the Battle of Crécy >>

Battle of Hastings

William the conqueror defeated brave King Harold in the battle of Hastings which led to French Norman rule of England and the introduction of the medieval Feudal system in 1066. Read more about the Battle of Hastings >>

Battle of Nicopolis

The battle of Nicopolis was an important battle that took place in 1396 between the mighty Ottoman armies and the allied nations of Europe Read more about the Battle of Nicopolis >>

Battle of Poitiers

Battle of Poitiers

The Battle of Poitiers was the second major victory for the English forces during the Hundred Years' War which was the longest war in history and actually lasted 116 years! Read more about the Battle of Poitiers >>

Battle of Tours

The Battle of Tours was a significant battle that took place in 732, Charles Martel needed to force back invading Muslim armies to save the continent Read more about the Battle of Tours >>

Famous Battles List

The medieval period was a violent time in history and there were numerous famous medieval battles from this era which shaped the course of history Read more about the Famous Battles List >>

Famous Naval Battles

There were many famous naval battles in medieval times such as the Battle of Sluys, Battle of the Masts and the Battle of Arnemuiden Read more about the Famous Naval Battles >>

Famous Siege List

There were many important Sieges in medieval times such as the Siege of Rome, Siege of Constantinople and the Siege of Acre Read more about the Famous Siege List >>

Medieval Battles Timeline

Epic medieval battles raged throughout Europe and the world during the medieval period, medieval battles such as Agincourt & The Battle of Hastings. Read more about the Medieval Battles Timeline >>

Medieval War Tactics

Medieval War Tactics

Medieval war tactics became more advanced as the medieval period advanced, however many leaders took the best parts of ancient war tactics and developed known war tactic methods Read more about the Medieval War Tactics >>

Medieval Warfare

Medieval Warfare Battle of Sempach

The medieval times was a period of constant Medieval Warfare. Medieval Warfare became very advanced towards the latter parts of the medieval period as constant improvements to weaponry and fortifications was made. Read more about the Medieval Warfare >>

The Battle of Falkirk

Discover the History of Epic Medieval Battle of Falkirk between English and Scottish forces Read more about the The Battle of Falkirk >>

The Hundred Years War

The 100 years war began in 1337 between the French and English. Battles during the early parts of the 100 years war were dominated by England Read more about the The Hundred Years War >>

The Wars of the Roses

Wars of the Roses painting

The Wars of the Roses was a series of battles for supremacy between the warring factions of the Royal house of Plantagenet. The Wars of the Roses led to Tudor rule and the following Tudor dynasty that ruled England. Read more about the The Wars of the Roses >>


The Most Epic Battles of the Middle Ages

List and Articles of the Most Famous and Important Battles of the Middle Ages

  • Battle of Agincourt
  • Battle of Bannockburn
  • Battle of Bosworth Field
  • Battle of Bouvines
  • Battle of Courtrai
  • Battle of Crécy
  • Battle of Falkirk
  • Battle of Hastings
  • Battle of Halidon Hill
  • Battle of Liegnitz
  • Battle of Nicopolis
  • Battle of Northallerton
  • Battle of Poitiers
  • Battle of Shrewsbury
  • Battle of Tours

Battle of Agincourt

The 30,000 strong army of King Henry traveled from England to France to port town of Harfluer this consisted of 5000 Knights men at arms and archers against the French army who were approximately 30,000 to 100,000 strong.

The Battle of Agincourt was a short battle lasting hours, although an important victory for the English, it was just a battle within the 100 years war that was taking place between England and France which lasted for 116 years!

Battle of Bannockburn

The Battle of Bannockburn took place in 1314 – this was another battle between England and Scotland with the Scottish fighting for their independence.

King Robert the Bruce who is a legend in Scottish folklore led the Scottish army to a rare victory against the English. The English army who were under the command of King Edward II were driven out of Scotland.


The Battle of Bosworth

The Battle of Bosworth is also commonly known as the Battle of Bosworth Field. It was an important battle of the middle ages and part of the much larger ‘Wars of the Roses’.

This was to be the final battle of the ‘Wars of the Roses’ which was a Civil war and the last ever battle between the warring factions of the Houses of York and Lancaster (Tudor Dynasty) during this War.

Battle of Bosworth Field Facts:

  • Battle took place on 22 August 1485
  • Location of Battle – Near Ambion Hill, south of Market Bosworth, Leicestershire, England
  • Result – A Tudor Victory and Start of the Tudor Dynasty
  • End of the House of York

Battle of Bouvines

The Battle of Bouvines was a famous Battle of the Middle Ages – King Phillip Augutus would lead 7000 French Troops into battle in the region of Flanders against the larger army of Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV.

The Battle of Bouvines was an important battle within a larger war called the ‘Anglo French War’ 1213-1214 – it was the final and decided battle of these two enemies.


Battle of Courtrai (Battle of the Golden Spurs)

The Battle of Courtrai is a famous medieval battle that is also know as ‘The Battle of the Golden Spurs’. This Battle was part of a larger conflict called the Franco – Flemish War of the years 1297 – 1305.
The Battle is named after the town it took place in Kortrijk (Old Name) or Courtrai (Modern Name).

Against the odds the Flemish army was triumphant!


Battle of Crécy

The hundred year war that lasted longer than 100 years! Was a battle that was intriguing because it was a battle of two forces with differing strengths, the French had a greater number of soldiers, but the English had the better armour and weapons.

The English defeated the French in the Battle of Crécy which proved that small army with better equipment could beat a much larger army.

Learn about the Battle of Crécy at Wikipedia


The Battle of Falkirk

The battle of Falkirk fought in the year 1298 AD between King Edward I of England and to William Wallace of Scotland the famous Scottish warrior depicted in many Hollywood movies.

This was just one war of many wars between the English and Scots who were fighting for their independence from the English. The Battle of Falkirk won by the English and was the great victory for Edward I who had a much larger army than the Scots.


Battle of Hastings

It is no wonder Britain became a battle hardened nation as the British Isles was being constantly invaded throughout the course of the medieval period by Danes, Saxons and Vikings etc.

However in 1066 it was the turn of the French to invade when William the Duke of Normandy landed at Pevensey in Sussex, bringing with him a massive army of around 8000 men, a fleet of ships and hundreds of battle ready horses.

King William (William the Conqueror) and his army needed food and water when they arrived and they set off quickly to gather refreshments and supplies heading rapidly towards Hastings in Sussex.

The Battle of Hastings commenced early in the morning on October the 14th in 1066, King William had marched his troops some distance from the north of Hastings to engage the English army of King Harold, King Harold’s army were deployed on Senlac Hill which is also known interestingly as the town of Battle.

The Battle of Hastings Begins

The battle of Hastings was a brutal and hard fought affair and history tells us that it was a very close run thing. William was the first to attack with his cavalry and infantry, William’s thought his troops would have the upper hand by attacking first but Harold’s army decided to take up a defensive position, which was common for English armies who usually never attacked first.

King Harold’s troops all fought on foot behind a shielded wall, this proved to be a very effective against the Normans and they found it very difficult to break this English defensive stronghold. Eventually However William did breach the defensive wall that the English army had set up and attacked in waves with his cavalry.

The Battle of Hastings was a hard fought battle that lasted a long time and there were several reversals of fortune, both sides had the opportunity to win the battle. Eventually the French managed to kill King Harold after which the English army began to fall apart and became dysfunctional, this gave the French army of King William the opportunity they had been looking for, a chance to defeat the English.

The death of King Harold in the Battle of Hastings was the ultimate turning point of the battle and as his armies fell into disarray William’s cavalry attacked viciously in waves killing many English soldiers. The English army started to flee and attempted to stop King William’s French army as they fled northwards towards the woods of the weald but it was not to be.

William the Conquerors defeat of the English army in the Battle of Hastings was one of his greatest victories and England and it led to England being under the control of the French and an oppressive foreign aristocracy.


Battle of Halidon Hill

The second war of Scottish independence was fought in 1333 AD in the Battle of , however in this battle the Scottish were defeated by the English who were led by King Edward III who had his revenge for the previous defeat.


Battle of Liegnitz, Legnica or Wahlstatt

Henry the Pious of Silesia was able to put together a coalition of forces from several European countries in 1241 to fight the battle of Liegnitz against the invading forces of the Mongol Empire led by Baidar, Orda Khan, and Kadan.

Although Henry’s army was much larger in number and was estimated to be around double the size of the Mongol armies, Henry’s army was still defeated and this was a massive below for the European army.


Battle of Nicopolis

The Battle of Nicopolis is also commonly known as the ‘Crusade of Nicopolis’ and was the last major siege during the centuries long crusades. The Battle was fought on 25 September 1396 between an allied crusader army who were backed by the venetian navy.

The Crusader armies were defeated by a large Ottoman force.


Battle of Northallerton

The Battle of Northallerton took place in 1138, this was a battle between the English and the Scottish who were led by King David I it was part of the two battles that took place during the Civil War of Matilda and Stephen.

The Battle of Northallerton also known as the Battle of standard was a brutal and bloody affair, The Scottish Army led by King David mounted an early surprise attack in foggy conditions, however the English had prepared for the attack and this actually took the Scottish by surprise.

The Scottish who started to flee just a few hours into the Battle despite their larger army as the English armies’ powerful weaponry decimated the Scottish soldiers leaving many dead on the battlefield.

However, the conquering English were unable to take up the total execution of the shattered enemy forces. If they had been able to follow through and kill the armies as they fled, it could have destroyed the Scottish army.


Battle of Poitiers

The Battle of Poitiers was once again a battle within a much larger conflict ‘The Hundred Years War’.

The Battle started in Sept 1356 close to the City of Poitiers in Western France.

The Battle of Poitiers was a major English victory in the Edwardian phase of the Hundred Years’ War. It was fought on 19 September 1356 in Nouaillé, near the city of Poitiers in Aquitaine, western France.

The Battle ended with the victorious English, Welsh, Breton and Gascon soldiers led by ‘Edward the Black Prince’ overcoming a larger French army that was led by King John II of France.


Battle of Shrewsbury

The Battle of Shrewsbury took place in 1403 close to the center of Shrewsbury at battlefield church. King Henry V went into battle against a mutineer army led by Henry Percy, this was a battle of rebellion in which Henry Percy was defeated and killed and it all took place near the center of Shrewsbury in England.

Learn More about the Battle of Shrewsbury at Wikipedia


Battle of Tours

The Battle of Tours is also commonly known as the ‘Battle of Poitiers’, and the Battle of the Highway of the Martyrs – in Arabic. This was another important battle that was fought close to the City of Poitiers in Southern France although the exact location cannot be determined by historical evidence.

The Battle of Tours was one of the most famous battles in the medieval period as it represented an important victory for Burgundian and Frankish Troops against the powerful Umayyad Caliphate force led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi.

The Franks led by Charles Mantel secured an important victory which was even more impressive as it was achieved without any cavalry, this led to an era of dominance for the Carolingian empire and Frankish power which lasted for the following century!


Epic Wars of the Middles Ages

List and Articles of the Most Famous and Important Wars of the Middle Ages

  • Wars of the Roses
  • Hundred Years War

Wars of the Roses

The Wars of the roses was a series of battles fought between the House of Lancaster (Red Rose) – House of York (White Rose). The war started after the hundred years war and was caused by financial and social problems the hundred years war had caused and the weakened rule of ‘Henry VI’ as well as the claim to the throne of his rival ‘Richard of York’.

Indeed the Wars of the Roses was an internal conflict of two competing branches of the House of Plantagenet.

The Wars of the Roses started around the year 1455 and lasted until 1487 however there was fighting before and after these dates, the war was a destructive one for both bloodlines as the male lines of both families involved were killed.

Hundred Years War

France was the largest kingdom in Western Europe at the time and the ‘House of Plantagenet’ were the rulers of England, however they were also French having come from the Norman/Angevin region of France – it was very common in this period of medieval times for the rulers of England to control France as well.

However the French House of Valois was in control of France at this time and the ‘House of Plantagenet’ were determined to take control of France from them – what followed was a major war that lasted over many generation of kings between the two warring factions. The Hundred Years War started in 1337 until 1453 which is a total of 116 years!


Epic Medieval Battles Resources:

 

 


Epic Medieval Wars Resources:

Learn about the Wars of the Roses at Wikipedia

Learn about the 100 years War at Wikipedia

 

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