During medieval times, fighting with a sword was one of the most common ways of warfare and this resulted in a lot of importance for medieval shields.
A wide range of medieval shields were prevalent during different eras of the medieval times, including buckler shields, heater shields, parma shields, targa shields, mantlet shields, and others. There were various parts of a medieval shield such as boss, bouche, and enarmes.
Medieval Shields Parts History
The history of shields can be traced back to Greeks in the ancient times when a circular shield called hoplon was used. These shields were mainly made of bronze and wood and were used as far back as 7th century BC.
Romans made innovations to the Greek shields and used a rectangular shield known as Roman Scutum, it consisted of three layers of wooden strips with different orientations for strength.
During the medieval times, a variety of shields of different types were used during different eras. Medieval shield parts were also quite diverse although most of them had three main parts in common which are discussed below.
The Boss Part of a Medieval Shield close up
Parts of Medieval Shields: Boss
The most important among all the parts of medieval shields was the Boss. It was the round central part of a shield and was therefore the most crucial with respect to defences. Special attention was paid in making this part stronger in order to deflect the heavy bows of enemy swords and other weapons. Among the parts of medieval shields, the boss part was generally made of wood or thick metal and was sometimes also known as the Umbo.
Shield Parts Quick Facts:
Common parts of the Medieval shield were the Boss, Bouche and Enarmes
The Boss was the central part of a medieval shield made a shield stronger
The medieval shield Boss deflected blows and also had decorative qualities
The Boss strengthened a shield and protected the hands, forearms from blows
The Umbo was another name given to the shield part known as the Boss
The Boss part of a medieval shield helped it to withstand heavy blows
Parts of Medieval Shields: Bouche and Enarmes
Two other important medieval shield parts were called Bouche and Enarmes. Bouche was the name given to a notch cut at the top of the medieval shield. This cut was used to rest a lance in while jousting. Enarmes, on the other hand, was the name given to the straps inside a shield for providing solid grip on the shield. Previously, a single bar behind the boss was used to grip the shield and thus the enarmes was an improvement over previous shields.
The enarmes parts of a shield were the straps as highlighted in image
Parts of Medieval Shields: Coat of Arms
While the above were the three most important parts of medieval shields, there were various less important parts too. For instance, on the shields of the knights and the nobility, the coat of arms figured as an important part and served as identification. Use of the coat of arms became particularly widespread during the middle and late medieval times. There were various parts of the coat of arms which were considered important parts of medieval shields for the nobility and knights. Some of these parts included a motto design, helmet or helm, the wreath or torso, and others.
Parts of Medieval Shields Summary
Medieval shields went through various transitions during different eras of the medieval times. Their actual history can be traced back to the ancient times when shields were extensively used by the Greeks and Romans. During the medieval times, however, specific parts of medieval shields were recognized and named. The three most important parts of a shield were called the Boss, Bouche, and Enarmes. For the nobility and the knights, the coat of arms was also a very important part of a medieval shield.
Shield Parts Facts:
The history of medieval shield parts can be traced back to ancient times
The Bouche part of a shield was a notch cut into the shield where a lance could be rested
The Enarmes Part of a shield was the straps inside for holding the shield
The Enarmes part of a shield improved the overall grip and control of the shield
The coat of arms was often an important part of the shield as it identified its owner in battle
We hope this article on medieval shield parts provided you with the information you were looking for, if you would like to learn more about medieval shields and medieval shield parts please look at the links below which will give you more information on different types of shields throughout history. You can learn more about the medieval shields themselves and there will be additional information on medieval shield parts contained within this information.